Covered Bike Shelters with Planted Roof
Project Participant(s): Lauren Kulazenka and collaborating with Janelle Valdinger
Description & overview of project:
This project’s aim is to install green architecture on campus, starting with bike shelters that have planted roofs. Currently, bike racks on campus do not have any protection, so bikes that are parked at them are left exposed to the elements, wearing the bike down faster. Covering the bikes will prevent this from happening and encourage student to use bike to get to class instead of driving and parking in the overcrowded parking lots on campus. These covered racks have the added benefit of decreasing rain runoff (Nardin) and CO2 (Li) in the areas that they are in.
In areas that already have bike racks with proper clearance, they can easily be replaced with the bike shelters. For those that do not, and area to put the shelter will need to be made. In order to make these shelters and eco friendly as possible, the shelters that will need to have a spot created can use pervious pavers instead of concrete. The pervious pavers will direct water down into the ground instead of drains, decreasing rain runoff and increasing water going to the underground aquifer (Blundell). The pervious pavers are also not as permanent as a concrete slab is, so if the rack needs to be moved for some reason, the ground can easily be replanted and put back to normal.
The plants on top of the bike racks, soak up rainwater, stopping rainwater runoff (Nardin), this paired with the racks that have pervious pavers should reduce runoff to almost zero. Since these racks will be going into placed that have been developed, they will allow more plants to exist in these areas allowing for more CO2 to be captured and for more oxygen to be produced (Li). The type of plants going on the top of the racks will be sedum, which is a succulent. Being a succulent, they do not need much upkeep as they are drought resistant and can tolerate full sun. they are also a type of groundcover plant and because of this they prevent undesired plants from growing.
As of right now, most of the work has been done. There is a tentative price for how much the racks will cost and the size of the racks has been provided. Funding is the current issue and Janelle and I are working on finding a source that does not need to go through the Universities method of assigning funding. I need to take a walk around campus and find suitable sites for the racks. They need to have proper sidewalk clearance as well as building clearance. They will also need to be in areas that provide adequate sun, so for taller building they may need to be located on the Southern or Eastern sides. I also need to get an estimate for how much the pervious pavers will cost and the cost of installation. Fortunately, this will only need to be done for some of the bike racks.
Outline of project:
- What the racks are
- Location of racks
- Which racks have pervious pavers
- Cost and funding
- Li, J., Wai, O., Li, Y., Zhan, J., Ho, Y., Li, J., & Lam, E. (2010). Effect of green roof on ambient CO2 concentration. Building and Environment, 45(12), 2644-2651.
This paper looks at the effect of a green roof on the surrounding CO2 concentration in order to assess the benefit of urban greening.
- Nardini, A., Andri, S., & Crasso, M. (2012). Influence of substrate depth and vegetation type on temperature and water runoff mitigation by extensive green roofs: shrubs versus 16 herbaceous plants. Urban Ecosystems, 15(3), 697-708.
Study shows that green roofs have the ability to decrease rain runoff from buildings.
- Women’s Sports & Fitness, vol. 7, no. 2, Mar. 1985, p. 24. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=8500001914&site=ehost-live.
Paper describes the health benefits of bicycling.
- Blundell, Peter. “Pervious Pavers Provide New Solution for Stormwater Management.” WaterWorld, vol. 27, no. 11, Nov. 2011, p. 36. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f5h&AN=67442944&site=ehost-live.
Provides usefulness of flow rate and usefulness of the pervious pavers and how they have a wide range of applications.
- Vasl, A., et al. ” Sedum —Annual plant interactions on green roofs: Facilitation, competition and exclusion.” Ecological Engineering, vol. 108, 2017, pp. 318-329. OhioLINK Electronic Journal Center, doi:10.1016/J.ECOLENG.2017.07.034.
Provides information about why sedum is used on green roofs. Study in paper worked with adding in other plants to optimize growth of both plants.
- Kitheka, Bernard. “INVENTORY OF STORMWATER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE CITY OF OXFORD, OHIO.” Electronic Thesis or Dissertation. Miami University, 2010. OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center. 23 Feb 2020.
A city with a similar climate as Delaware uses these pervious pavers on a large scale (parking lot). Also provides a cost benefit analysis compared to using concrete or asphalt as well as pollution reduction analysis.
Proposal written by OSU students to install a planted bike rack at OSU. Provides information about the racks and the benefits of them.
Collaborating with me on this project, she has been working on a similar project and knows who to talk to about funding and getting approval.
Company that made the covered shelters in Columbus and gave us an estimated cost. Also provided schematics of the shelters and options for rack styles.
Providing approval for the bike shelter areas once they are approved.