Project Report

May 4, 2020

Introducing Green Architecture to OWU

Lauren Kulazenka

Project Summary:

This project aims to introduce green architecture to the Ohio Wesleyan campus on a small scale in the hopes that it will eventually be scaled up to larger buildings.  Green roofs cut down on the amount of rainwater that runs off into the local watershed, and filters what does run off making cleaner water. The plants also remove CO2 and produce oxygen making for healthier air. Due to the lack of bike riding culture on campus, the architecture will get more use if it is placed so that is covers sidewalks and benches to protect those areas from the elements allowing students to spend more time outside.  A much larger pavilion could be made for students to hang out, literally, with hooks for hammocks.

Lyon Village Park Pavilion

Methods and results:

I first started with a project that ha been started in a past semester and worked on it with Janelle Valdinger, who provided me with schematics and the estimated costs associated with the project. Despite the company offering a discount, it is still costly, so a different approach is required. unfortunately the current pandemic has put a stop and any further meetings as this is a leisure project. It is possible to make a larger pavilion out of wood that can support the weight of the plants on top. It could also be placed on the Jay so it can be viewed by all who visit and as a central place for students to gather. Plant holding racks will still need to be installed, the City of Columbus used Buck and Sons for this for a reasonable price, they will need to be contacted for current availability. The plants that should be used are sedum as they require minimal care, are aesthetically pleasing, and are drought resistant.  Once costs are secured and type of green architecture are decided, the project will need permission from all relevant entities in the University and the City of Delaware.

Planted bike rack in Columbus
roof planted with sedum


This project will need external funding no matter what version is ultimately chosen. Most of the funding options that were looked into, like Pepsi and Coke-a-Cola, do not take applications until October so someone with the authority to submit those applications on behalf off the university will need to do when they open. Going with the option of a wooden shelter will also drastically cut down on the costs, potentially making outside funding unnecessary.


Wanner Metalworx – phone: (740) 369-4034

Buck and Sons – phone: (614) 876-2825

Janelle Valdinger – Email:

Environmental Geography Course Project Report: COVID-19 Responses

May 4, 2020

Local Parks Finding New Ways to Reach the Public During COVID-19 Pandemic

Callie Wildenthaler

Project Summary:

            This semester we have experienced a transition into a new way of life due to the imposing threats of the COVID-19 pandemic. During this unprecedented and unpredictable time, businesses and organizations around the world are devising new ways to continue to interact with customers and the public. For this Environmental Geography project, I reached out to local nature park districts to see how they, as an organization, are handling the pandemic in their own ways. In addition, I was interested in learning about how they have planned to continue to achieve their overall goals of interacting with and educating the public throughout this time of social distancing. I conducted short email interviews with Jill Snyder, Columbus and Franklin County Metro Parks, and Abby Ditomassi, Crawford Park District, to see how their positions within the park districts have been adjusted and what actions the parks are taking to reach the public from a distance. Overall, I found that regardless of size, Park Districts are generally adopting the same form of interacting with the public through social media, mainly Facebook, and offering daily activities for people to do on their own. However, I did find some areas in which the parks adopted different methods and I feel that this is related to the size of the audience each park reaches and their ability to interact with certain capacities at a time.


With the current state of the world, it is more important now than ever before to continue to promote the environment and conservation efforts. The COVID-19 Pandemic, a difficult time for individuals around the world, has also offered us an amazing opportunity to experience nature- whether it is at a Park District or in our own backyard. Take this opportunity to continue to interact with the environment surrounding us through the new outreach opportunities being offered from your local park district.


Jill Snyder, Assistant Manager Interpretation & Education, Columbus and Franklin County Metro Parks –

Abby Ditomassi, Park Naturalist, Crawford Park District –

Lauren Kulazenka Digital Portfolio

May 4, 2020

W2 1/22/2020:  Cronon “The Trouble with Wilderness” + Sullivan The Meadowlands

W3 1/29/2020: Abbey Desert Solitaire

W4 2/5/2020: Bruckner: The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse + “How the Rich Plan to Rule a Burning Planet”

W6 2/19/2020: Coates Nature (preface and ch. 1-5)

W7 2/26/2020: Coates Nature (ch. 6-9)

W11 3/25/2020: Foer: Eating Animals

W12 4/1/2020: Urbanik: Placing Animals

W13 4/8/2020 Stoknes: What We Think About When We Try Not TO Think About Global Warming: Toward a New Psychology of Climate Action

W2 1/22/2020 News

W3 1/29/2020 News

W4 2/5/2020 News

W5 2/12/2020 News

W6 2/19/2020 News

W7 2/26/2020 News

W8 3/4/2020 News

W11 3/25/2020 News

W12 4/1/2020

W13 4/8/2020

Course introduction

Project proposal draft

Delaware Run and Chimney Swift Tower Project Reports

May 4, 2020

Delaware Run Restoration Summary
The Delaware Run Restoration project is a long running project with the goal of restoring a portion of the Delaware Run on Ohio Wesleyan’s portion of the Run. Physically, some options for restoration could include removing the (in the process of being dilapidated) stone wall and creating a wetland by establishing a more natural bank with native plant species to slow the flow of water and create habitat for native species—this can help filter out harmful pollutants such as E.coli, decrease the severity of floods, and improve the aesthetics of the Delaware Run. In short, the results of this semester were researching additional promising funding options as well as eliminating some funding options.
Chimney Swift Tower Project Summary
The Chimney Swift Tower project was essentially complete when I took over at the beginning of the semester. The project had been researched, had partners and funding established, and was in the process of receiving approval for building. There was a holdup, which I found out was the result of a transition of leadership at Buildings and Grounds which led to the misplacement of the plans that had been reviewed and approved by an engineer. The result of this semester was working with Buildings and Grounds to locate the plans and push forward on final approval. Before Coronavirus, the hope was to build the tower in the summer of 2020.

Geography 360 Final Portfolio

May 4, 2020

Class Readings

Jan 22 Cronon The Trouble with Wilderness + Sullivan The Meadowlands

Jan 29 Abbey Desert Solitaire

Feb 5 Bruckner The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse + How the Rich Plan to Rule a Burning Planet *Presentation*

Feb 19 Coates Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times (ch. 1-5)

Feb 26 Coates Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times (ch. 6-9)

Mar 25 Foer Eating Animals

April 1 Urbanik Placing Animals

April 8 Stoknes What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming

Current Events

Jan 22 Environmental Issue

Jan 29 Environmental Issue

Feb 5 Environmental Issue

Feb 19 Environmental Issue

Feb 26 Environmental Issue

Mar 25 Environmental Issue

April 1 Environmental Issue

April 8 Environmental Issue

Project Timeline & Misc


Jan 22 Project Ideas

Project Decision: Delaware Run Restoration & Chimney Swift Tower

February 19 Project Update

March 29 Project Update

Environmental Geography Course Project Report: Eco-Friendly Waste Management

May 4, 2020

Implementing Eco-Friendly Sustainable Waste-Management Systems in the Delaware, OH Community

Callie Wildenthaler

Project Summary:

            Eco-friendly waste management systems are a more sustainable alternative to our traditional waste systems. These systems utilize significantly less resources. In addition, eco-friendly toilets would offer a more economically friendly and a more sustainable and long-lasting system for eliminating waste which would be beneficial long-term with the predicted future implications of climate change.

For this sustainability project, I collaborated with Janelle Valdinger, City of Delaware, to create a proposal for implementing sustainable waste management systems to propose to local businesses in the Delaware Community. I facilitated contact with Ohio Wesleyan University Building and Grounds to inquire about the current systems on campus (which company was used, total cost breakdown, etc.). Janelle worked to contact the new owner of a previous establishment on Sandusky Street, our selected target for our proposal. Due to the COVID-19 situation, we were unable to complete a project proposal as B&G could not provide information on OWU’s current systems and we were unable to meet with any business owners in the community.


            While the situation under which this semester and this project ended was not ideal, it is more important now than ever for us to consider more sustainable and environmentally friendly decisions. The increasing threat of climate change and the impact it is predicted to have on the environment should be an immediate concern to all. Therefore, we need to consider more sustainable alternatives for our future. Eco-friendly water saving waste management systems are one example of a sustainable option we need to consider. This project is one that would have a significant effect, even if only one or two toilets are implemented initially. A movement for environmentally sustainable thinking in our local community could stem from one business committing to implementation of these systems.

Overall, implementing water-saving toilets in the Delaware community is a project that needs to be revisited in the future, as it could change the structure and the way of thinking currently known to the city. Re-establishing contact with key businesses downtown and finalizing a proposal with information from Building and Grounds is all that is needed to initiate the transition into a more sustainable future in Delaware, Ohio.


Janelle Valdinger, Career Catalyst, City of Delaware –

Jay Scheffel, Interim Director of Physical Plant Planning & Operations, Ohio Wesleyan University –

Environmental Geography Digital Portfolio

May 4, 2020

Spring 2020

Class Readings

1/22 Cronon “The Trouble with Wilderness” + Sullivan The Meadowlands

1/29 Abbey Desert Solitaire

2/5 Bruckner The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse

2/5 “How the Rich Plan to Rule a Burning Planet”

2/19 Coates Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times (ch. 1-5)

2/26 Coates Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times (ch. 6-9)

3/25 PRESENTED Foer Eating Animals

4/1 Urbanik Placing Animals

4/8 Stoknes What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming: Toward a New Psychology of Climate Action

Current Events

1/22 Environmental Issue

1/29 Environmental Issue

2/5 Environmental Issue

2/12 Environmental Issue

2/19 Environmental Issue

2/26 Environmental Issue

3/4 Environmental Issue

3/25 Environmental Issue

4/1 Environmental Issue

4/8 Environmental Issue

4/15 Environmental Issue

Project Timeline

1/22 Project Ideas

1/29 Project Decision: Eco-Friendly Toilets Preliminary Research

2/5 Project Update: Collaborating with Janelle

2/12 Project Update

2/19 Project Proposal and Annotated Bibliography

Week 14: Environmental News

April 15, 2020

Climate Change: Green Energy Plant Threat to Wilderness Areas

Hydro facilities in Africa and Asia can significantly alter the landscape

The article I read this week is titled “Climate Change: Green Energy Plant Threat to Wilderness Areas” by Matt McGrath. This article discusses how green energy methods pose an increasing threat to crucial environmental conservation areas, according to sustainable energy researchers. Green energy techniques include wind, solar, and hydro power, all increasing in use to reduce the harmful effects of other energy sources on the environment. Researchers found that over 2,200 green energy plants have been built within the remaining wilderness areas of the earth. In addition, 17% of renewable facilities are currently located in protected areas. This is an increasing issue as over 900 plants are currently being developed in areas of significant biodiversity as well.


With the amount of renewable energy facilities having tripled over the last 20 years, these numbers could pose a significant threat to the earth’s remaining wilderness habitats.

These efforts destroy large areas of key habitats, making them incompatible with biodiversity conservation goals and efforts. Researchers stress that while these green energy methods are beneficial, more planning and attention to permission for these projects needs to go into the establishment of them so that they are not threatening species in these protected areas.

I found this article interesting because these energy sources seem to be completely beneficial for our environment and sustainability efforts, but that is not always the case. More attention needs to go into these green movements and how they affect the surrounding environment.

Week 13 news

April 8, 2020

Cyanobacterial Bio-fertilizer: Nature’s Own Solution for Improved Soil Fertility

Excess fertilizer runoff into bodies of water has become an increasing problem over the years. This runoff increases the amount of available nutrients in the water allowing dangerous algae blooms to form more frequently and in greater numbers. To help combat this, a natural fertilizer that is already found in the soil can be used, cyanobacteria.

This bacteria can be grown in tanks and spread through a drip irrigation system so it reaches the plants without any excess. The additional benefit is that this bacteria can be cultured from almost any soil, so it will be acclimated to the environment in which it will be used.

If this practice were to be more widely adopted, the runoff that causes algae blooms will decrease and the health of the body of water and the other life in it will increase.

Week 13 reading

April 8, 2020

Pg 19 “Denialism is pretty predictable and consistent in form no matter what the topic.”

Pg 40 “The combined outcome makes us feel helpless since – even if we stopped emitting now, they say – its delayed effects (including our grandfathers’ coal burning from last century) will continue to trouble us in decades and even centuries ahead.”

Pg 72 “Hence, in the minds of many, climate science is now strongly associated with “liberal views” and “the left-wing media.” ….. “Now, if you know someone’s view on gun control, abortion, and same-sex marriage, you can pretty well predict their views on whether global warming is real and human-made. The issue has become polarized.”

Pg 99 “From a life-cycle point of view, heavier Tesla models may not be as efficient as smaller hybrids, public transport, or using an e-bike, but it is beyond dispute that Tesla’s launch has started to change the social norms around electric cars.”

Pg 113 “The report released in 2014 by Risky Business argues that investors have largely been kept in the dark about how climate change will impact specific industries or specific regions. It explains that acting now could spare American businesses and the American economy from the risk of becoming extremely vulnerable to future losses.”

Pg 147 “Stories of rewilding counter the laming apocalypse tailed by reinforcing that we’re not going to reverse her damage, but nature can, it will only reduce our interference with it and let it do its work. It’s a team really: the wilderness and us. And I’m all for teaming up with nature, as humbly and intelligently as we humans are capable of.”

Rewilding has been gaining some notoriety in the climate change sphere as of late, changing human disturbed lands, namely farmland, back into its natural state has been shown to increase carbon capture by a significant amount.

Pg 225 “Stronger winds are blowing now and not only the Hurricanes in Hadley cells. The disruptions of weather and air also driving societal, cultural, and inner shifts. Some long for cabin outside at all, beyond the Hills in an undisturbed nature.”