Weeks 9 and 10: no posting
Weeks 9 and 10: no posting
Week 1: Introduction to course
Week 2: Trouble with Wilderness and The Meadowlands
Week 3: Desert Solitaire
Week 5: Coates Nature
Week 6: Coates Nature
Week 7: Eating Animals
Week 8: Environment & Society
Week 9: Spring Break
Week 10: Krygier’s House
Week 11: Environment & Society
Week 12: Placing Animals
*Each week contains notes for the book and the current event
Watch your butts!
Cigarette butts contain all the carcinogenic chemicals, pesticides and nicotine that make tobacco use the leading cause of preventable death worldwide, yet trillions are dumped into the environment each year. Countless American smokers believe cigarette butts are an exception to the no littering rule because for some reason they think that cigarette butts are biodegradable.
Most cigarette filters are composed of cellulose acetate which is a form of plastic. The white fibers in the cigarette filters which look like cotton is actually a plastic that does not degrade. Dozens of cities across the nation are fed up with this waste problem. Cities have passed bans on smoking on beaches and parks. In San Francisco, California the city applies a $2 a pack tax to cover the money that the city spends annually removing the cigarette litter and it will generate $1.4 billion a year for health care, smoking prevention programs and research.
Nationally cigarette butts account for 25% of litter on the streets. I’ve been noticing that the number one littered item on campus appears to be cigarette butts. I predominantly find them more on the residential side compared to the academic side of campus. It’s very common to find them right outside entrances and exits of the dorms and especially at the designated smoking areas. The purpose of my project is to help keep the campus clean of this toxic waste. My plan was to put Plastic Smoker’s Receptacle waste cans at almost every entrance of Stuyvesant Hall and one at the main entrance of Smith Hall. The brand that produces these waste cans is called ULINE and the cans themselves cost $48 but discounts may be applicacble when purchased in bulk. These are the same cigarette cans the school has on the academic side of campus. There are some of these cigarette butt cans already on the residential side of campus, but they are either not conveniently placed or broken. So I need to find is who is in charge of maintaining the cigarette butt trash cans and how I can get funding for the Plastic Smokers Receptacle.
Bennett, Sophia. “How to Recycle Cigarette Ashes and Waste.” RecycleNation. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
Whole cities have embarked on trying to make their streets cleaner applying these waste containers throughout the entire city. This could be a second phase to my project for someone to do in the future.
“Butt Really? The Environmental Impact of Cigarettes | Tobacco Control.” Butt Really? The Environmental Impact of Cigarettes | Tobacco Control. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
This website gave a lot of information about how serious cigarette butt waste is to the environment. Going into detail about the harmful effects of leachates.
“Cigarette Litter –Biodegradable?” Cigarette Litter –Biodegradable? N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
Cigarettes butts are not biodegradable, they contain plastic and persistent in the environment for a very long time.
“Cigarette Waste Recycling Program.” TerraCycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
TerraCycle is a recycling program which specializes in hard to recycle waste. They have free programs where you collect the waste and download free shipping labels and ship the waste to them, schools and non profits can even earn rewards. They turn the waste into useful products.
Kaufman, Leslie. “Cigarette Butts: Tiny Trash That Piles Up.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 28 May 2009. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
Leslie talks about the burden cities are left with from the result of smokers throwing their cigarette butts anywhere but the garbage.
Melody Gutierrez and Sam Whiting, San Francisco Chronicle. “Prop. 56: Voters Approve Cigarette Tax.” SFGate. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
San Francisco applies a $2 a pack tax to help raise money for research, healthcare and smoking prevention programs.
Novotny, Thomas E., and Elli Slaughter. “Tobacco Product Waste: An Environmental Approach to Reduce Tobacco Consumption.” Current Environmental Health Reports. Springer International Publishing, 2014. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.
Aquatic ecosystems are affected by the toxic water which is released from cigarette buds soaked in water. If a better effort was made to make sure cigarette buds were disposed of properly then there would be less toxic water entering the aquatic systems.
I really liked this because it goes through all of the reasons, mostly on a psychological level, why some people don’t believe in or care about global warming which is something that I never fully understood.
The idea of ‘self interest’ is something we’ve talked about in other classes, and I’ve sort of thought about it in regards to this, but never from an evolutionary point of view. I think it also comes from a place of privilege since we don’t live somewhere that has been strongly or quickly affected by climate change. I also agree with their statement that we could use this for the common good if the identity of ‘us’ was changed.
The Roots of Denial chapter was about something that really pains me, the rejection of facts that are obvious to me, and this chapter does a good job of explaining why people get stuck in denial once they’ve decided that that’s their stance, but I still have a hard time following the reasoning for denying it in the first place.
The GEVA graph was interesting and hopeful. However I’m interested in seeing how these next few years go with the change in politics.
There was a new carbon cycle found in polar glaciers that could be contributing more to climate change that previously thought https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/04/170412105910.htm
Book: coming soon….
Current Event: Anti current event: in 1951 a man landed a ski plane on the summit of Mount Rainier, 14,410 feet high. When he tried to restart his plane, it was broken. He had to slide the plane downhill until he hit a ramp and glided to safety in Seattle. After he landed he went to court for breaking a lot of laws including landing a plane unlawfully in a national park, and was fined $350 ($3300 in today’s dollars).. a very bold strategy
Since this is the book I’ll be presenting with Maggie I’ll keep my blog short. I read the second half and actually really enjoyed Part 2. The author tells a lot of stories, gives a lot of examples and really paints a vivid picture of what he is trying to say. However, I didn’t enjoy reading Part 3, it was to philosophical for my liking. And so many analogies that I would forget his argument. Part 2 had a lot more stuff about global waring and so did Part 3 it was just expressed very differently. In class I’ll be going over my favorite chapters more in depth.
Current Event : Ooho!!
An ‘edible water bottle’ that hopes to replace the millions of plastic bottles thrown away every year has raised over £500,000 in a crowdfunding campaign.
The water ball, named “Ooho!” is a biodegradable and natural membrane which can be fully swallowed and digested, as well as hydrating people in the same way as drinking water.
The product is made from a seaweed extract and is tasteless, although flavours can be added to it.
Freshwater lakes in North America are getting saltier due to development and exposure to road salt. 371 lakes were studied and publish in the Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences that lakes in the midwest and northeast are experiencing increasing chloride trends with 44% of them undergoing long-term salinization.
The team of researcher are a part of the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network. The Lead author Hilary Dugan explained,
“We compiled long-term data, and compared chloride concentrations in North American lakes and reservoirs to climate and land use patterns, with the goal of revealing whether, how, and why salinization is changing across broad geographic scales. The picture is sobering. For lakes, small amounts of shoreline development translate into big salinization risks.”
Each lake studied was larger than 4 hectares and had at least 10 years of recorded chloride data. The use of road salt has been escalating since the 1940s. Each year about 23 million metric tons of sodium-chloride bases deicer is applied to the roads. This road salt washes into nearby bodies of water. Results showed that roads and other impervious surfaces within 500 meters of a lake’s shoreline were strong predictors of elevated chloride concentrations. If current salinization trends continue, many North American lakes with EPA-recommended chloride levels in 50 years.
The chloride levels have have been shown to alter the composition of fish, invertebrates, and the plankton that form the base of the aquatic food web. Species abundance and richness can decline.
The question: whether human-made global warming is happening- science question that is NOT in the book