Week 5

December 14, 2018

Nature” (First Part)

Since the beginning, nature had distinctive undertones, the Greeks thought of nature had turned into a question of devotion in its very own right, supplied with an ethical reason and significance free of humankind. In the Middle Ages, individuals just wandered into nature to conceptualize their hypotheses. It’s intriguing how much the significance of nature has changed radically from the beginning of time, particularly with our mechanical/technological advances and changes in needs. Considering nature the outside and the creatures inside the earth then one can understand that the one’s own existence is modest in contrast with the Earth that is likewise a little spot in contrast with the universe.

Environmental News

Two new marine stops that together make up a zone the measure of Hungary have been made in the Patagonian Sea. One is called Yaganes and is found simply off the southern tip of Argentina. The other, Namuncurá-Burdwood Bank II, is in the South Atlantic. Together, they make up 37,000 square miles of marine protected areas (MPAs) overflowing with ocean animals, a significant number of which are delegated compromised species. Bits of these new MPAs have stayed flawless as a matter of course of their remoteness, and the Argentinian government’s choice to secure them guarantees that the marine environments will remain as such. Progressives are trusting this move flags a move toward more grounded protection measures in the nation. Not just in light of the fact that the choice assigns an increasingly ensured area, yet in addition since it accompanies a legitimate structure to uphold the new limitations.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/argentina-creates-new-marine-protected-areas/

Week 13

December 14, 2018

What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming: Toward a New Psychology of Climate Action”

Stoknes’ gives several primary resistances that shield individuals from recognizing the requirement for change: far off, fate, disharmony, forswearing, etc. Also, it isn’t so much that individuals couldn’t care less about the profoundly dubious issue, it is that individuals can’t see that there are compelling arrangements. The stress of environmental change is frequently pushed crazy to concentrate on concerns nearer to us, for example, family, well-being, and instruction/work. For instance, how we ought to do any other way and how these new methodologies demonstrating powerful, rather, we have to locate an alternate way to deal with discovering methods for drawing in that run with the transformative stream of the human personality. Taking a shot at interpersonal organizations, we ought to abstain from confining environmental change with adverse meanings: a calamity, significant expenses, and numerous penances. We ought to send steady framings by situating environmental change as open doors for more astute development answers for urban areas and organizations, or as a national protection issue and/or general wellbeing concern. We ought not to dispose of the hopelessness and sorrow out of the term environmental change; however, it is to a greater degree an individual misery, an inclination inside us and in our psyches. The progress to vulnerability to managing environmental change by tolerating sadness. Only up to that point, we can completely acknowledge the condition of our atmosphere and move from powerless despondency to gratefulness and re-commitment.

Environmental News

A dead sperm whale that washed aground in eastern Indonesia had expended an alarming gathering of plastic waste, including 115 drinking mugs, 25 plastic sacks, plastic jugs, two flip-flops and a pack containing in excess of 1,000 bits of string. Altogether, the plastic substance of the whale’s stomach weighed 13.2 pound (six kilograms). The spoiling corpse of the 31-foot (9.5-meter) whale was discovered Monday in shallow waters simply off Kapota Island in the Wakatobi National Park, as indicated by news reports. Indonesia, with a populace of 263 million individuals and 34,000 miles (54,716 kilometers) of coastline, positioned second, behind China, on a rundown of the best 20 most noticeably awful polluters of plastic junk to the world’s sea, as per a recent report that found 192 waterfront nations contribute a joined aggregate of 8.5 million tons of plastic waste to the seas consistently.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/dead-sperm-whale-filled-with-plastic-trash-indonesia/

Week 12

December 14, 2018

“Placing Animals”

Placing Animals moved back on a great deal of to Jonathan Safran Foer’s Eating Animals, whereas Julie Urbanik approaches these themes in an unexpected way. This is most evidently found in the first section of the textbook, where the author invests less energy discussing creatures and additional time presenting and clarifying geographic terms and ideas. There was likewise plenty of irregular certainties that truly stood out, there are more tigers living in imprisonment in the United States than there are living in nature. Urbanik’s examination of the job creatures play in dialect, and how we relate certain attributes and identity qualities to specific creatures, similar to the shrewd fox, the daring lion, and the coward chicken.

Environmental News

Five oil and gas organizations have been given the green light to utilize seismic “airgun” impacts to scan for worthwhile oil and gas stores that could be covered in the ocean bottom from New Jersey to Florida. Vast marine warm-blooded creatures like whales and dolphin utilize sound for imparting, sustaining, and mating, which means the impacts could affect each of the three of those fundamental exercises. To moderate effect to natural life, NOAA says seismic impacts won’t be permitted from November to April in specific areas of the Atlantic where North Atlantic right whales are known to move. Furthermore, pontoons leading seismic activities will be required to have a NOAA spectator on board to screen coincidental take.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/11/noaa-approves-seismic-airgun-blasting-oil-gas-drilling-atlantic-ocean/

Week 11

December 14, 2018

“Environment and Society” (Part 2)

The authors change their concentration to certifiable instances of issues that are presently being confronted and the predicament of people that are running into. With the industrialization of countries, the economy and society of the place wound up attached to carbon dioxide outflows. As worldwide nations endeavor to bring down the measure of carbon dioxide discharges. The shared understandings will profit those nations who partake however those nations that don’t take an interest their outflows still affect everybody. A few nations’ benefits wind up having different nations riding on the advantages of others. Human development has pushed the limits of normal natural surroundings of different species including wolves – the text provides a detailed example of the case of wolves. There are numerous players associated with wolf protection as wolves are a predator that could hurt a human while in the meantime they are viewed as required in the earth. Individuals have likewise balanced the manner in which they see wolves from chasing them nearly to termination to ending up much cherished by a great many people. Progressing even further into the text, the authors discuss uranium, describing the situation for workers in those industries as, “A political economy of uranium mining demonstrates that the people who have borne the greatest burden of harm from uranium extraction are often not the same people who have reaped its benefits.”

Environmental News

Ocean scallops got off the bank of England are fit for ingesting billions of modest plastic particles, which scatter all through the body to the kidney, gill, muscle and different organs; this all happens inside six hours. These discoveries are the most recent in a developing gathering of concentrates that affirm a consistently growing program of natural life eats microplastics and littler particles known as “nanoplastics”. That examination, thusly, has brought up issues – so far unanswered – about potential impacts on the evolved way of life, and to human wellbeing. What’s extraordinary and new is that this venture endeavors to get past reporting utilization and start to comprehend the ramifications for the natural life whose diet presently incorporates customary samplings of plastic.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/sea-scallops-eat-plastic-particles-study/

Week 10

December 14, 2018

“Environment and Society” (Part 1)

Robbins examined a market framework dependent on ecological effects to have a go at decreasing our contamination. Current enactment confines of the EPA, measure contamination either an individual machine can discharge or for a region, for example, an industrial facility. After Congress at first passed this enactment, there was an issue that advanced toward the Supreme Court about whether the EPA can choose on the off chance that it applies to singular bits of hardware or to production lines all in all. The text provides a detailed argument for the association of human social orders and economies of the earth which clarifies how human activities are to a great degree interwoven with each other. Innovation possibly is considering items to transmit less contamination thereby controlling a portion of the impacts and taking into consideration a greater amount of them to be in the earth, emphasizing the accumulation of capital (cash). Further elaboration, the allocation of capital is more prioritized than environmental issues, perhaps the value of environmental topics should have a dollar amount assigned to them, as typical with Department of Defense (DOD) contracts in the hundreds of millions. In an essence, the government body should promote these ideas for innovation in a specific field – by promote, I mean provide substantial contracts based on the winner of a research project – thus attracting the private sector into pursuing advancements in reducing the world’s global footprint on the environment.

Environmental News

The dissolving of the Greenland ice sheet is more noteworthy than any time in the last three to four centuries, and likely any longer than that, asserts Luke Trusel, a scientist at Rowan University in New Jersey and lead creator of the new investigation, distributed today in Nature. A total liquefying of Greenland’s mile-thick ice sheets would dump seven meters (23 feet) of additional water into the world’s sea, mattering to individuals who live close to a drift, eats sustenance that gets through a beach front port, or makes a flight association in an airplane terminal close to the sea, researchers caution. The scientists examined over the ice surface while drilling the ice centers that recorded signs of how much and how seriously the surface of the ice sheet had softened in the course of the last couple of hundred years. They contrasted that and models, which let them ascertain how much spillover would result from the sort of surface liquefying recorded in the ice centers.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/greenland-ice-sheet-is-melting-faster-than-in-the-last-350-years/

Week 7

December 14, 2018

“Eating Animals”

The effect of the meat business on environmental change alone is sufficiently startling to consider. Jonathon Foer examines the likelihood of eating hounds, as a result of the measure of pooch meat tossed out each year, however, Foer does provide a decent argument. On the off chance that we can legitimize eating pigs, which are similarly as clever as pooches, how might we legitimize not eating hounds, as some areas in the world already condone it (Asia). Foer proceeds to contend how humans would guard themselves if the dynamic relationship between prey and predator were entirely reversed with humans being the prey. Foer’s argument is not as far-fetched as it may appear, considering if dinosaurs never went extinct, humans would not be able to dominate the food chain, thus limiting technological prowess and innovation. Given that if mankind wasn’t the apex predator, humans would first need to adapt to survival instincts, preventing the steady development of civilization.

Environmental News

As indicated by Israel’s Environmental Protection Ministry, the Dead Sea is retreating at a rate of four feet for every year. Its 30-mile length is just 50% of what it was a century prior. It is Israel’s biggest lake and has since quite a while ago filled in as the nation’s fundamental wellspring of freshwater. Be that as it may, today scarcely any water is discharged; its saltiness is the most noteworthy it has been in 50 years and increasing at a fast rate. These waterways are not just scriptural locales, holy to billions of individuals around the globe. They are additionally pivotal to the survival of the general population who live here. These lakes and streams framed the support of development since some time before even Cleopatra showered in the Dead Sea for its rumored medical advantages. Many stress what could happen to this officially unpredictable piece of the world if its water sources keep on contracting.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/israel-jordan-dying-dead-sea-pollution-tourism/

Week 6

December 14, 2018

Nature” (Part 2)

Coates investigates more shades of malice towards nature, including the dynamic relationship between the Colonists and the Native Americans, where Native Americans were depicted as the enemies of nature by controlling it for their own advantage, despite the fact that the Colonists showed them out of their local land. Coates’ highlights that each culture extends its positive qualities onto nature and afterward holds them up as nature’s very own position, justifying that a single group of individuals can’t be labeled as the aggressors toward nature. This can be seen with the Native Americans, although easily depicted in capitalistic societies, whereas Karl Marx himself argued these ideas in his, “The Communist Manifesto” about the shortcomings of capitalism. In conclusion, Coates calls attention to a few naturalists’ trust that no piece of the world is immaculate by people now in view of the impacts of environmental change.

Environmental News

Another examination distributed in Geochemical Perspectives discovered proof of microplastic (plastic less than five millimeters) assembling in huge amounts in the most profound parts of the seas, and that could represent missing plastic that has baffled researchers to date. A group of specialists from the Chinese Academy of Science broke down thirteen districts by taking a gander at past investigations and gathering their own examples. Prior this year, a plastic sack was found in the most profound compasses of the Mariana Trench, 36,000 feet beneath the surface. Analysts spotted it while utilizing video to overview the locale for plastic flotsam and jetsam.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/microplastic-pollution-is-found-in-deep-sea/

Week 4

December 14, 2018

The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse”

The text in the book adopts the strategy of man versus nature on a full-scale level. Pascal Bruckner is a man whose rationality on nature is progressively skeptical and, as the title infers, prophetically catastrophic. Bruckner appears to trust that our activities will have little effect in light of the way we have taken along these lines for. People have made an air of fate and unhappiness due to the expectations that an unnatural weather change and environmental change figures on the world’s future. Humans have persuaded themselves that the innovative progressions have prompted atomic power plants, petroleum derivative fueled automobiles that change the world’s climate so future ages will be antagonistically influenced. The elucidation of the fate and anguish forecasts have prompted a huge gathering of individuals who wish to change the natural examples that people currently live with. The present nature of earth won’t support mankind so human progress should desert the innovative headways and return to the methods for a pre-industrial society where we restrain ourselves. Bruckner’s most point throughout the text is the message that we should utilize the science and innovation to discover approaches to furnish earth with the capacity to run vehicles and homes and lives, not simply surrender them. Bruckner’s primary concern is how about we get over the dread and utilize our heads to tackle out issues, not simply abandon current methods of living.

Environmental News

At the point when green growth blossoms originally showed up in Guatemala’s Lake Atitlan in 2009, it’s in excess of 200,000 inhabitants were stunned, says Africa Flores, a local of Guatemala and research researcher at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Flores is currently attempting to moderate the spread of green growth, which secured over a large portion of the lake in 2009 and keeps on compromising its environments. At its most profound, the lake stretches out down 980 feet, and when not defaced by algae, a few spots are so clear on occasion “thatboaters” can see down in excess of 50 feet. The sudden appearance of green growth sprouts, likewise called cyanobacteria, develop effectively when substances like nitrogen and phosphorus amass in water. Freshwater biological systems everywhere throughout the globe are in danger of creating green growth blossoms when the aftereffects of human movement like overflow from the composts utilized in horticulture and untreated sewage enter a waterway. Flores and nearby partners in Guatemala chose to delineate sprouts over the next years, growing new AI (machine learning) that will enable neighborhood specialists to all the more likely foresee when and where green growth around the lake will blossom. To anticipate hurtful sprouts off the banks of Texas and Florida, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration depend on a blend of on-the-ground and satellite reports. In Guatemala, Flores says there’s as of now no innovative framework to caution experts around an approaching green growth bloom.

Source: https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/2018/12/artificial-intelligence-saving-lake-algea-blooms-guatemala/

Week 3

December 14, 2018

“Desert Solitaire”

The desert can be the unfeeling spot for survival, it is untamed, and can be extremely elevating; nature can be something other than these portrayals. Abbey gave a decent feeling of comprehension of the place and his battles with how social orders positioned on nature today are declining. Throughout the text, Abbey communicated his solid obstinate love for nature and he was extremely energetic about the earth. He felt that he was to secure and protect every single living creature. One day he kept running into a shake wind as instead of expelling himself from the scene or killing it, he moved it to another area so the snake had the ability to proceed with its life and not killed in light of the fact that it was in the wrong spot at the wrong time. The question arises if mankind can initiate a critical assessment of the consequences of human expansion throughout the centuries and its effect on the environment.

Environmental News

Another sustainable power source impetus program has Japan on track to wind up the world’s driving business sector for sun-oriented vitality, jumping past China and Germany, with Hokkaido at the bleeding edge of the sun control surge. In a thickly populated country hungry for elective vitality, Hokkaido is a conspicuous decision to have ventures, as a result of the accessibility of moderately substantial patches of reasonable land. Unused mechanical stop regions, inert land inside an engine race circuit, a previous pony farm – all are being changed over to sun-powered ranches.

Albeit one-fourth of the biggest sunlight-based tasks affirmed under Japan’s new renewables arrangement are situated in Hokkaido, the island represents under 3 percent of the country’s power request. Specialists say Japan should act rapidly to ensure the power produced in Hokkaido streams to where it is required. What’s more, that implies modernizing a lattice that as of now doesn’t have limit with regards to every one of the activities proposed, introducing a monster battery – wanted to be the world’s biggest – to store control when the sun isn’t sparkling, and guaranteeing associations so power can stream over the island country.

Source: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2013/08/130814-japan-solar-energy-incentive/

Placing Animals

November 28, 2018

Apologies for being out at ER during discussion***


The reading began dry and not really engaging, it was a hard textbook style opening, but that aside the book was interesting.

I enjoyed that animals were put in a more important role than simply a food source or lesser being than humans. In the begining it states animals are another nation, our boundaries are not consistent, animals are central to people’s existence, and our location and culture defines what animals are to us. Our geography plays a central role in what animals mean to us, whether we use them as food, companions, or items of worship.

Animal human interactions have come to the forefront as political and social groups bring animal’s treatment to the table. To simply say whay is right in our culture is right for all cultures would be ridiculous, just because one culture has a more social relationship does not mean all have it.

Our use of animals  for livestock is not only from economic stand points but also from the geography of the land. If you live in the desert you will likely keep goats and other short hair animals, you will not have sheep or animals not suited to the climate.

I could go on forever about this book but it brings to the table many notions that people find hard to swallow, it provides arguments and facts about why we feel the way we do regarding animals we have a deep attachment to as a companion. It emphasizes the line is not clear cut and geographically is different due to many factors, therefore animals cannot be divided into livestock and pet, there is not solid line.


Female Penguins at risk due oceanic conditions


first the turtles, now the penguins when will the maddness stop.

Magellic Penguins travel during the winter to feed, this means scientists know very little about this time in a penguins life.  Río de la Plata plume carries a great deal of nutrients into the coastal waters, making them very productive feeding grounds for the penguins, this plume when weak is easier for females to feed and provides them with better nutrients. The question is what happens when the winter is not fruitful, does it affect the females breeding ability and the reproductivity of the penguins?