Course Project Report

May 9, 2015

Olivia Lease

The Chain of Bottles I Managed to Not Get Tangled In Ban the Bottle 1


The goal was to ban the distribution and selling of disposable water bottles on campus. This original goal was modeled after the Ban the Bottle campaign going on internationally in high schools and universities. The focus of this goal changed when it did not appear to be economically feasible for Chartwells to do right now. The ultimate goal was to raise awareness of how disposable water bottles are a waste of resources. This was done over the span of a 24-hour demonstration on the Jaywalk during Green Week 2015. A part of the demonstration stayed up for three weeks after this day.


Originally, I met with one of the presidents of the Wesleyan Council on Student Affairs (WCSA) and a member of Treehouse to discuss the implementation of the Ban the Bottle movement here on campus. Both were on board with the idea and WCSA had already ordered six new hydration stations the month before. The new hydration stations were being installed throughout the semester across campus. After meeting with Chartwells District Manager, Gene Castelli, this movement seemed to be a less attainable goal. Notably though, he did say that water bottle sales had already been steadily dropping. From the spring semester of 2014 to the fall of that same year, SmartWater sales were reduced by close to 2,000 sales (1,914 in actuality). So a demonstration to further awareness of bottled water’s waste of resources began to be planned. One possibility that was briefly explored was having a recyclable fashion show with items made of bottles but that proved to be too time consuming. So stringing together as many water bottles as possible and hanging them across campus was decided.


First, I researched the requirements to be a part of the Ban the Bottle Initiative. OWU already met one of them because they had already had a showing of the film Tapped in fall of 2014. In the meeting with WCSA, other conditions were seriously considered until it didn’t seem plausible. We realized we’d need to look into Chartwells’ contract and find any loopholes. The water bottles Chartwells sells are Dasani and SmartWater are both brands owned by the Coca-Cola Company. To no longer sell these brands, it would have to be known when the contract with Coca-Cola would be renewed and if those brands could be written out of the contract (but still include soda and other products). SInce the demonstration was decided upon, collection of bottles began in late February. A classmate put a container in the weight room on campus marked “water bottles only” and this was emptied weekly. Other bottles were collected around campus: in trash bins, recycling containers, and from the ground. In total, roughly seven trash bags were collected and stored in the InterFaith House and in the Science Center. Buildings and Grounds (B&G) was contacted to get approval for the demonstration. They helped get the track teams stakes to hang the strings of bottles on. They also gave up some nylon rope and a needle-like tool to string the bottles. Caps were taken off the bottles and strung from the mouth of the container to the other end.Ban the Bottle 2

Any water left in bottles was put in gallon-sized containers that would be used later in the demonstration. Approval from WCSA, the Student Involvement Office and B&G was needed for the demonstration. Once gained, on the night of April 15, 2015 students from the class helped set up.

About ten cardboard signs (ranging in size) contained facts about disposable bottled water or simple said, “ban the bottle” or “buy reusable.”
Ban the Bottle 4
Ban the Bottle 5These were hung up along the protest that covered almost the entire expanse of the Jay. One string went from Corns Building to Beeghly library. Another was on the grass outside the Benes rooms. Another was in frony of the mural past Hamilton-Williams and the the last was strung in between the trees outside Chappelear Drama Center. The ones in the trees didn’t require the track team’s stakes to stay up and therefore, stayed up longer. The day of the demonstration was the water-focused day of Green Week. Most was taken down late April 16 and the stakes were returned to B&G early April 17.

Ban the Bottle 3


Gene Castelli of Chartwells (

Dennis Wall of B&G (

Emma Drongowski of WCSA  (

Emily Romig of Treehouse (

The Transcript (

Course Project Report

May 8, 2015

Allie France

Dishwasher Dilemma and To-go box turmoil18complaintbox-span-blogSpan


Originally, the goal was to find the money to replace the current dishwasher in Hamilton-Williams which is rather old. It was the first step to making Hamilton-Williams Market place more sustainable. The overall goal was to replace the dishwasher and introduce reusable containers to Market Place.


Originally, I was looking into alumni to cover the cost of replacing the dishwasher, which was approximately 80,000. This was a difficult feat. I discovered it was difficult to find someone to fund something that isn’t easy to name after them. Therefore, with the help of Buildings and Grounds I was able to see the waste of the current dishwasher. They then did calculations to see how much money was wasted based on the lack of efficiency. The money being lost through water and electricity was enough to cover the cost of the lease for a new dishwasher. With the University saying that they would install the dishwasher over the Summer 2015 I changed my direction of the project to eco-containters. There was some previous work done on the containers but was halted due to the dishwasher not being able to be upgraded. Dan Magee was able to give me previous details about cost and ordering. With this I created a proposal plan for cost and the product.


First, I looked into the different types of reusable containers. I found a company called Eco-containers that has previously worked with Universities on start up programs. This is when I found out that the Dan Magee had previously investigated this product. Therefore, I reached out to Dan to see what he had already collected on the materials and discussed with him his thoughts about how to implicate this product into Market Place. He and I both believed that totally eradication of the previous disposable to-go boxes was necessary for the eco-containers to be successful.

I then began to research the financial side of the product. I asked for current spending reports on the disposable to-go containers. With this I was able to figure out on average yearly costs as well how imagesmany containers are being thrown away during a school year. I then researched the eco-containers and their life expectancy. Each eco container can be used approximately 500 times before needing to be recycled. Therefore, even thought the initial cost of the eco-contaniers is higher than that of the disposable containers they become cheaper in the long run as an investment.

Once I gained the help and support of Chartwells I brought the eco-containers to WCSA asking for their support and potential funding. WCSA was receptive as a whole and was able to help write letters to the Vp of Finance expressing their support of the project. They too agreed that the eco-containers had to be an all or nothing kind of approach. They were interested in the logistics of how the containers would be returned and what the proper incentive would be to return the containers. Eventually, the hope would be to incorporate the bar code that each box has on the back. However, to do that the school would need to update the registers. Each box would also have a logo on it depicting how the presses works and where they can be filled and returned.



Gene Castelli (  ) 

Dan Magee ( )

Jess Choate of WCSA  (

EcoTakeout : Sendy Tran ( 281-833-2121

Digital Portfolio – Allie France

May 8, 2015

Posts on the readings

Week 2: The meadow lands – (1/20/15)

Week 3: Abby, Desert Solitaire– (1/17)

Week 4: Coates, Nature (Part 1)– (2/3)

Week 5: Coates, Nature (Part 2)– (2/11)

Week 6: Foer, Eating Animals– no post  (2/18)

Week 7: Robbins, Hintz, and Moore, Environment and Society (Part 1)– (2/24)

Week 8: Robbins, Hintz, and Moore, Environment and Society (Part 2)– (3/3)

Week 9: Spring Break

Week 10: Introduction to the killer bunny at your house

Week 11: Urbanik, Placing Animals (Part 1 & 2)– (3/25)

Week 12: Urbanik, Placing Animals (Part 1 & 2)– (4/1)

Week 13: No class

Week 14: Humes, Garbology (4/15)

Article Posts: Some were posted in the same post. Therefore, there might be a project post at the bottom but I have double linked them.

Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5 – Week 6 – Week 7 oops panda Week 8 -Week 9-  Week 10 Week 11 

Project Posts:

Week 2 –  Week 3 – Week 5Proposal Week 6 – Week 7 


May 8, 2015

Nope- Thats what I have to say about this book. I felt like I was constantly waiting for it to begin. It was just back story and set up. Yes there were insightful parts about peoples perception on wilderness and that it does not have to be this pristine location away from people. That was a concept that was hard for me to grasp due to the fact that is how I grew up. I thought that wilderness didn’t include people so I enjoyed his perspective. Although, his descriptive language of these locations was rather odd. He spoke as if he was looking at the most magical naturally occurring scene when really he was looking at a garbage swamp outside of New Jersey. It was different and the book was dry but overall it did add to the questions the course was asking. But really.. did I meant ion that I didn’t like this book.

Eating Animals

May 8, 2015

I really enjoyed reading this book. When I started it I thought it was going to be vegetarian rand shamming meat eaters using shock factor to convert people. However, it was a much more personal account of someone journey and confusion about vegetarianism. Jonathan Safran was unsure about his own feelings about being a vegetarian and when he had a son he wanted to attempt to resolve his confusion. I think this book helped me with my own questions about being a vegetarian and answered other disturbing questions about food processing.

I thought it was interesting how in the beginning of the book he started with a contraversial topic like eating dogs. By starting here the reader was forced to ask themselves hard questions. Such as ” Why am I okay eating one form of meat ( i.e chicken etc) and not another ( i.e dogs)”. This was his original argument that food is culture and culture affects our beliefs about food. I had to ask myself a lot about my own beliefs while reading this section.

He further discusses our regard for some living creature vs others such as fish. Why do we disregard fish. he then argues that suffering is suffering and why do we allow fish to experience things that would be unspeakable violence if it was done to a dog. This next chapter also gave a lot of insight about bycatch and other fishing statistics. I found most of the details to be overwhelming. I thought I knew enough about industrial fishing but that wasn’t the case.

I did feel like I knew more about industrial factor farms for livestock than I did about fishing and that stood true during his next few chapters. I did learn more about factory farming from this book though. Honestly, this book didn’t make it hard to eat meat but I thought it made it hard to trust people. I had a hard time understanding why we think it is okay as a society to treat living things in this manner.  I really enjoyed this book and it was one of my favorites. Very thought provoking and eye opening.

Caitlin McNaughton’s Digital Portfolio

May 8, 2015

Reading Reflections

Week 2, Cronon “The Trouble with Wilderness” and Sullivan The Meadowlands

Week 3, Abbey Desert Solitaire

Week 4, Coates Nature pt. 1

Week 5, Coates Nature pt. 2

Week 6, Foer Eating Animals 

Week 7, Robbins et al. Environment and Society pt. 1

Week 8, Robbins et al. Environment and Society pt. 2

Week 9, Spring Break!

Week 10, Dinner at the Krygier’s!

Week 11, Urbanik Placing Animals pt. 1 – I presented…. outside!

Week 12, Urbanik Placing Animals pt. 2

Week 13, Veggie Dinner and Green Week Efforts!

Week 14, April 15- Humes: Garbology: Our Dirty Love Affair with Trash

Week 14, Humes Garbology 

Environmental News

Week 2, Week 3, Week 4, Week 5, Week 6, Week 8, Week 11, Week 12, Week 14

Project Updates

Update 1, Update 2, Update 3, Update 4, Update 5Retention Peripheries Final Presentation

Caitlin McNaughton: Retention Peripheries

May 8, 2015

Retention Peripheries

Caitlin McNaughton

This project was an effort in retrofitting a retention pond to create a healthier ecosystem and to build more suitable habitat for native wildlife. This effort will be accomplished through cleaning litter around the pond as well as planting appropriate fauna. Ideally, the plants will nourish the area and prevent erosion which leads to sedimentation. In the end, we hope to see improved holding of soils around the pond, healthy plant life, and increased diversity of wildlife. This project required interaction with Ohio Wesleyan University Buildings and Grounds, referencing professionals for information regarding plant species, and financial and planning support from the Friends of the Lower Olentangy Watershed (FLOW) Adopt-a-Pond program. Further results will likely be available Fall 2015.

Methods and Results:

This project’s methods can be broken into 4 steps: it all began with gathering information, then strategizing action, next we will take action, and finally we will follow up and maintain the project.

The information gathering stage primarily consisted of pursuing online research and meeting with others. The majority of the research I collected was related to retention pond structure and function, and previous reports of pond restoration. This information reinforced the importance of this project and confirmed that this project would be conquerable. Resources led me to believe that planting in the pond shallows would be a beneficial; however, we moved away from this idea following meeting with Peter Schantz of OWU B&G.

Mr. Schantz was able to discuss concerns with planting from a maintenance perspective and provided preliminary approval for the continued pursuit of the project. Together we reviewed the pond blueprints. Water from behind Meek Aquatic Center flows into the pond through runoff and through 1 or 2 other large pipes. The pond is fitted with a fountain on the far end, an aerator near the middle, and the outflow pipe at the other end. The pond’s building instructions state that its bottom in 12in of silt clay. Mr. Schantz and inspected the pond and noticed a small, but consistent stream flowing out of the pond. We discussed choosing plants that would not produce excessive leaf litter, to avoid clogging drains and the aerator. We also discussed choosing plants that would not encourage excessive growth in the water. These two points were taken into consideration while choosing plants.

The next meeting held was with Laura Fry and Lisa Daris of the Friends of the Lower Olentangy Watershed, Kristin Piper of the Delaware County Watershed, and Dr. Krygier. During this meeting, we again inspected the pond and discussed funding. As we inspected the pond’s area, it was noted that the banks were noticeably eroding. Several species were suggested as options to better hold the banks to prevent sedimentation of the pond. Additionally, plants were suggested to hold between the rocks immediately surrounding the pond. The Adopt-a-Pond program provides $600 to pond owners to use in their restoration efforts. The following description of the program is from the Summer 2014 FLOW newsletter:

“Adopt-a-Pond efforts will focus on outreach to pond landowners to help them make simple changes to improve the biology and water quality of local ponds:

  • Eliminate the use of fertilizer and pesticides near their ponds. Excess fertilizer nutrients can cause algae growth, harming stream life.
  • Stop mowing to the edge of the pond to create a vegetative buffer. Buffers help hold soil in place and clean runoff water before it reaches their pond.
  • Plant trees and native plants to encourage wildlife. Native plants prosper in central Ohio soils and provide food and shelter for birds and butterflies”

The next step was to discuss the list of plants provided by FLOW (see Appendix A) with Dr. David Johnson who provided valuable information about each species and suggested a few preferred species. He is open to answering further questions related to this project. Following this meeting more information was gathered about species, especially pertaining to their root systems and seed/reproduction style.

Next, we must choose locations for each species and run those choices by OWU B&G for approval. Then, the plants will be ordered as funded by FLOW and planted. We will likely need to reach out for assistance in planting, and upkeep of the plants. Tools will likely be borrowed from B&G. Then, plants will be watered and otherwise maintained to ensure their continued success and to stop any issues that may arise as early as possible.


This project is still in progress! There may still be time to do things like taking a look at some water under the microscope in the lab or preserving a few samples for further study, as well as testing pH and oxygen levels, but this will require further support and contact with more university staff. As summer begins I’m still waiting to see how much time I’ll be able to carve out around my work schedule for this extra component. I think future work could include more monitoring of the pond’s success or an inventory of species making use of it. I would love to see a few bird boxes go up in the area. Future work might also involve increasing the number of plants and the species around the pond, if the initial plantings are successful.



A. Retention Pond Plants List

B. Pond Photos

Part of pond blueprints

Erosion on the bank

Erosion on the pond bank

Full view of pond

Full view of pond

Vendala Clark’s Salamander Swamp Project Report

May 8, 2015

Salamander Swamp

Ohio Wesleyan University and Delaware

May 6, 2015

Vendala Clark (, John Krygier


The purpose of this project was to focus on what we could do in the near future with this area called Salamander Swamp. Salamander Swamp is located behind the new tennis courts and behind the shot put area right next to Shelby Stadium (Figure 1). There are a lot of things that could be done with this area and the main thing was to pick one that we can focus on and be able to do in a short time. PH and temperature of the stream was taken from upstream to downstream. A clean up was done for the area to get rid of a lot of the litter that was destroying the wetland. Finally, a plan was made to focus on removing the invasive species of honeysuckle in a small area of the Salamander Swamp.

Methods and Results

PH and temperature was taken from the stream using pH paper and a thermometer starting upstream and going downstream. Area 1 was upstream by an opening by the sidewalk having a pH of 7 and a temperature of 48°F, 8°C (Figure 2). After area 1, the stream goes dry till hitting area 2 that was at a fork providing a pH of a little bit over 7 but not halfway, and a temperature of 45°F, 10°C. This area had little puddles of sheen, some type of oil that you can see really well when the sun what shining on the water (Figure 3). Next going downstream, area 3 had a sewage smell within the area where this part of the stream gave a pH of greener than 7, pretty close to 8, and a temperature of 56°F, 13°C (Figure 4). Finally, area 4 had a red coloring in the area that could be iron or oil sheen from runoff, but this area gave a pH of 7.9, higher than area 3 but not quite 8, and a temperature of 56°F, 13°C (Figure 5). Overall, has you move downstream, the pH and temperature of the water gets higher. To answer the question if this is a good pH, it depends on the type of wetland it is but if we are calling this area a swamp, the water in swamps is usually neutral with a pH of approximately 7.2. For temperature for wetlands it depends on the location.

On April 12, 2015, we had a clean up at Salamander Swamp where we picked up a lot of litter for 2 hours. I picked this area because the part within the wetlands where there area a lot of cattails located, in this particular area there isn’t really any trash down there because that area is so hard to get too. That’s a reason we shouldn’t prove access down to this area because we don’t want that area to become a place where students would want to go down and drink down there or a place that will get filled up with litter because people don’t know how to throw away things. The area we cleaned up was located right behind the tennis courts starting at the tip of the upstream. Figures 6 through 11 shows pictures of the area behind the tennis courts of some of the litter that was there before the clean up. Figures 12 and 13 shows pictures that were taken at the clean up on April 12, 2015.

Figure 1: Map of Salamander Swamp located behind the new tennis courts and shot put area.

Figure 2: First area sampled for pH and temperature.

Figure 3: Second area sampled for pH and temperature.

Figure 4: Third area sampled for pH and temperature.

Figure 5: Fourth area sampled for pH and temperature.

Figures 6 & 7: Pictures of the area behind the tennis courts before the clean up.

Figures 8 & 9: Pictures of the area behind the tennis courts before the clean up.

Figures 10 & 11: Pictures of the area behind the tennis courts before the clean up.

Figures 12 & 13: Pictures from the Salamander Swamp clean up that happened April 12, 2015.


A chemical test needs to be done on the sheen that is seen in the stream since there is a lot in the water. There is a place in Marion called Alloway, its an environmental laboratory, you can send water samples to there to test for oil. We want to do a metal test too. This is the company’s website:

The big plan is to focus on removing honeysuckle so we can test if the area would do better without this invasive species. We want to pick one area and monitor the effects of the salamanders and what ever else is in the environment in this area. Then in the area that the honeysuckle is removed we want to plant native species in that removed area by working with Laura Fry and Lisa Daris from Olentangy Watershed- Flow. Bush honeysuckle is bad because it’s allelopathic where it produces chemicals that stop the growth of surrounding vegetation. Honeysuckle is an invasive species that out competes native vegetation. Honeysuckle has a competitive advantage over native plants because their leaves come out early in the spring and stay till late fall. Honeysuckle has rapid reproduction and obviously likes to take over. Honeysuckle creates a shade that is denser than native shrubs, which this also reduces plant diversity and nest sites for forest species, which can result in a decline in bird populations. The area I think we should do is the square area, which is by the wetland part with the cattails, and this is the area by a lot of the water, this area also has a lot of honeysuckle so I think it would give us good results.

Another recommendation is to compare the sides of the stream of where the salamanders are by looking at the side by the road where there is a lot of noise and comparing this to the upper area of the swamp where it is quieter. Want to make fake logs for the salamanders to live in because the area is missing logs. Want to do an ORAM Score for the area during normal water levels. Another interesting thing to do would be a reptile study, snake study, frog study, and/or an aquatic invertebrate study of the area. To conclude, it would also be nice to do a bird study of the area and to think about putting a chimney swift tower in this area.


Kristin Piper:

Chris Roshon:

Laura Fry:

Lisa Daris:

John Krygier:

Vendala Clark’s Digital Portfolio

May 7, 2015

Posts on the readings

Week 2, January 21st : The Meadowlands and Trouble with Wilderness Thoughts

Week 3, January 28th: Desert Solitaire

Week 4, February 3rd: Nature (first half) 

Week 5, February 11th: Nature (second half)

Week 6, February 18th: Eating Animals 

Week 7, February 24th: Environment and Society (first half), presented with Bridget

Week 8, March 4th: Environment and Society (second half)

Week 9: Spring Break

Week 10: Dinner at your house

Week 11, March 24th: Placing Animals (first half)

Week 12, April 1st: Placing Animals (second half)

Week 13: No Class

Week 14, April 14th: Garbology 

Environmental News

Week 2, Week 3, Week 4, Week 5, Week 6, Week 7, Week 8, Week 9, Week 10, Week 11, Week 12, Week 13, Week 14

Project Posts

Week 2, Week 3, Week 4, Week 5, Week 6, Week 7, Week 8, Week 9, Week 10, Week 11, Week 12, Week 13, Week 14

Project presentation, Project Presentation Notes 

Project Thoughts

May 7, 2015

I don’t know which project is more better to do by yourself, I feel like both have a lot of work that needs to get done so I want to do the one thats easier to do by yourself.  So for the OWU Salamander Swamp I think the first step would be to clean up all the trash.  Then to look over and get rid of the invasive species if there are any that the other group missed. So maybe the next step is helping the access to get the area better or creating a long term plan for habitat enhancement and use as an Ohio Wesleyan ecological research location.