Digital Course Portfolio

May 3, 2017

Post One- Introduction and Meadowlands

Post Two- Desert Solitaire

Post Three- Current Event (for Desert Solitaire Week)

Post Four- Fanaticism of the Apocalypse

Post 5- Nature (pt 1)

Post 6- Project Proposal

Post 7- Nature (pt 2)

Post 8- Environment and Society (pt 1)

Post 9- Environment and Society (pt 2)

Post 10- What we think about when we try not to think about global warming

Project Report

Wildlife Friendly Campus

Kylie Shaw

Making a College Campus More Habitable to Local Wildlife

College campuses are scattered across the country, owning a lot of land and there are significant pieces of these properties that aren’t being used or already green spaces.  These spaces are usually either made into gardens designed for aesthetics or left to grow without much litter clean up.  These areas could be used as natural wildlife habitats, with some minor changes or additions.

According to the guidelines for a wildlife friendly habitat set out by the National Wildlife Federation, these habitats should include three food sources , a water source, two places for cover, two places suitable for mating and breed, and two sustainable practices. These things are important for the native insect, bird, reptile, amphibian, and mammal populations and help grow the biodiversity for even small locations.  These locations are especially important to the migration butterfly and bird species who need plenty of food and water along the paths they take for their migration.  Also, examples of sustainable practices would be a reduction in the use of harmful chemicals and litter, which keeps these things from being taken in by the local plants and animals.

The location on the Ohio Wesleyan campus that I chose is surrounded by the Meek Aquatic Center, Selby Stadium’s parking lot, the field for throwing events for track and field, the rugby field, and a highway.  So, it’s a small space that’s constantly surrounded by human activity, but it’s a great place for small wildlife since it has a thick cover of trees and bushed. The main problem for this area is that there is a lot of litter.  This poses a choking or poisoning hazard to any animal that tries to eat any of it, but some litter can also leak harmful chemicals left over from the production process.

For my project I located all of the different things that fulfilled any of the requirements listed out by the National Wildlife Federation and also cleaned up the litter found in the area. 

The woods provides good cover and plenty of dead and fallen trees that are good for cover and raising young.  The throwing field next to the woods could be useful for some species’ mating displays, but, since it’s in use for most of the typical breeding, I don’t think it would usually get used for mating.  There is also a pond across the street that could sustain larger animals that can’t drink from the large puddles that are usually under the trees and bird houses lining the outer edge of the woods.  There are also bird feeders across the street at the science center.  There could be more native plants within the wooded area used as food for local animals, but for most of the semester the plants weren’t out and couldn’t be identified. I was able to pick up almost two full trash bags of litter, which I then separated into trash and recyclables and disposed of.

In the future, I think it would be helpful to know the plants that can be used as food for native animals as well as which are native and which are invasive species.  Also, the clean up process needs to be an ongoing thing, which could possibly be a responsibility that the university takes on.

Project Report – Bishop

May 2, 2017

Recycling at Nationwide Hotel and Conference Center

Emily Bishop

Summary: The goal of this project was to start a paper recycling program at Nationwide Hotel and Conference Center.  The hotel alone uses an extremely large amount of paper and I knew that the conference center and the other buildings on property were using a large amount of paper as well.  I thought it was important to try to make changes on a larger scale rather than trying to encourage a few individuals to recycle more.

Methods: I first talked to my coworkers and managers to try to determine if other people were also interested in recycling and would therefore be willing to help me get the program started.  They were very positive about wanting to help and almost everyone said they wished we recycled more here.  I then asked my managers who I should talk to about it and they directed me to the director of facilities, Gregg Gibson.  I then met with Gregg and he told me about all that the hotel already does to recycle.  I told him that I wanted to start a paper recycling program and he gave me some tips for writing up a program and that is needed to get it started.  I looked for general instructions on how to start a recycling program for a business and the information that Gregg emailed me about how to get it started.  Gregg also sent me the recycling SOP that we had on file from when we had a recycling program before.  I edited that and made some improvements.  I then met with Sue, the GM, and told her about what I wanted to do for the project.  She had me write up a mock SOP to be given out to each department about why recycling is important and where the secure shred bins will be so they can be utilized.  After she approves it, this will be sent out to all of the managers to be gone over with their employees.

Contacts: Guest Service Manager, Ryan Smith.  Email:

Operations Manager, Kollin Hanes.  Email:

Director of Facilities, Gregg Gibson.  Email:

General Manager, Sue Bellan. Email:


Portfolio – Bishop

April 27, 2017

W1/2: Intro, Current Event, Meadowlands + Cronon, and project ideas

W3: Current Event

W3: Desert Solitaire

W4: Current event, Fanaticism of the Apocalypse

W5: Current event, Nature Pt 1

W6: Current event, Nature Pt 2/discussion notes

Project Proposal

W7: Current event, Eating Animals

W8: Current event, Environment and Society Pt 1

Weeks 9 and 10: no posting

W11: Current event, Environment & Society Pt 2

W12: Current Event, Placing Animals

W13: Current event, What we think about when we try not to think about global warming




Final Digital Portfolio

April 27, 2017

Week 1: Introduction to course

Week 2: Trouble with Wilderness and The Meadowlands

Week 3: Desert Solitaire

Week 4: The Fanaticism of the Apocalypse: Save the Earth, Punish Human Beings

Week 5: Coates Nature

Week 6: Coates Nature

Week 7: Eating Animals

Week 8: Environment & Society

Week 9: Spring Break

Week 10: Krygier’s House

Week 11: Environment & Society

Week 12: Placing Animals

Week 13: What We Think About When We Try Not To Think About Global Warming: Toward a New Psychology of Climate Action

*Each week contains notes for the book and the current event

Project Report

Project Report- Watch Your Butts

April 26, 2017

Watch your butts!

Cigarette butts contain all the carcinogenic chemicals, pesticides and nicotine that make tobacco use the leading cause of preventable death worldwide, yet trillions are dumped into the environment each year. Countless American smokers believe cigarette butts are an exception to the no littering rule because for some reason they think that cigarette butts are biodegradable.

Most cigarette filters are composed of cellulose acetate which is a form of plastic. The white fibers in the cigarette filters which look like cotton is actually a plastic that does not degrade. Dozens of cities across the nation are fed up with this waste problem. Cities have passed bans on smoking on beaches and parks. In San Francisco, California the city applies a $2 a pack tax to cover the money that the city spends annually removing the cigarette litter and it will generate $1.4 billion a year for health care, smoking prevention programs and research.

Nationally cigarette butts account for 25% of litter on the streets. I’ve been noticing that the number one littered item on campus appears to be cigarette butts. I predominantly find them more on the residential side compared to the academic side of campus. It’s very common to find them right outside entrances and exits of the dorms and especially at the designated smoking areas. The purpose of my project is to help keep the campus clean of this toxic waste. My plan was to put Plastic Smoker’s Receptacle waste cans at almost every entrance of Stuyvesant Hall and one at the main entrance of Smith Hall. The brand that produces these waste cans is called ULINE and the cans themselves cost $48 but discounts may be applicacble when purchased in bulk. These are the same cigarette cans the school has on the academic side of campus. There are some of these cigarette butt cans already on the residential side of campus, but they are either not conveniently placed or broken. So I need to find is who is in charge of maintaining the cigarette butt trash cans and how I can get funding for the Plastic Smokers Receptacle.


Bennett, Sophia. “How to Recycle Cigarette Ashes and Waste.” RecycleNation. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

Whole cities have embarked on trying to make their streets cleaner applying these waste containers throughout the entire city. This could be a second phase to my project for someone to do in the future.

“Butt Really? The Environmental Impact of Cigarettes | Tobacco Control.” Butt Really? The Environmental Impact of Cigarettes | Tobacco Control. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

This website gave a lot of information about how serious cigarette butt waste is to the environment. Going into detail about the harmful effects of leachates.

“Cigarette Litter –Biodegradable?” Cigarette Litter –Biodegradable? N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

Cigarettes butts are not biodegradable, they contain plastic and persistent in the environment for a very long time.

“Cigarette Waste Recycling Program.” TerraCycle. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

TerraCycle is a recycling program which specializes in hard to recycle waste. They have free programs where you collect the waste and download free shipping labels and ship the waste to them, schools and non profits can even earn rewards. They turn the waste into useful products.

Kaufman, Leslie. “Cigarette Butts: Tiny Trash That Piles Up.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 28 May 2009. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

Leslie talks about the burden cities are left with from the result of smokers throwing their cigarette butts anywhere but the garbage.

Melody Gutierrez and Sam Whiting, San Francisco Chronicle. “Prop. 56: Voters Approve Cigarette Tax.” SFGate. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

San Francisco applies a $2 a pack tax to help raise money for research, healthcare and smoking prevention programs.

Novotny, Thomas E., and Elli Slaughter. “Tobacco Product Waste: An Environmental Approach to Reduce Tobacco Consumption.” Current Environmental Health Reports. Springer International Publishing, 2014. Web. 22 Feb. 2017.

Aquatic ecosystems are affected by the toxic water which is released from cigarette buds soaked in water. If a better effort was made to make sure cigarette buds were disposed of properly then there would be less toxic water entering the aquatic systems.

What we think about

April 12, 2017

I really liked this because it goes through all of the reasons, mostly on a psychological level, why some people don’t believe in or care about global warming which is something that I never fully understood.

The idea of ‘self interest’ is something we’ve talked about in other classes, and I’ve sort of thought about it in regards to this, but never from an evolutionary point of view. I think it also comes from a place of privilege since we don’t live somewhere that has been strongly or quickly affected by climate change.  I also agree with their statement that we could use this for the common good if the identity of ‘us’ was changed.

The Roots of Denial chapter was about something that really pains me, the rejection of facts that are obvious to me, and this chapter does a good job of explaining why people get stuck in denial once they’ve decided that that’s their stance, but I still have a hard time following the reasoning for denying it in the first place.

The GEVA graph was interesting and hopeful. However I’m interested in seeing how these next few years go with the change in politics.

There was a new carbon cycle found in polar glaciers that could be contributing more to climate change that previously thought

The Espen Book

April 12, 2017

Book: coming soon….

Current Event: Anti current event: in 1951 a man landed a ski plane on the summit of Mount Rainier, 14,410 feet high. When he tried to restart his plane, it was broken. He had to slide the plane downhill until he hit a ramp and glided to safety in Seattle. After he landed he went to court for breaking a lot of laws including landing a plane unlawfully in a national park, and was fined $350 ($3300 in today’s dollars).. a very bold strategy