Presentation on Chapter 5 and 6 of “Nature”

September 27, 2017

Chapter 5, The World Beyond Europe

02-lone-cypress-pebble-beach.jpg“Lone Cypress stands as a peerless monument to capitalism’s bid to privatize, incorporate and commodify nature-whether as lumber or designer label.”

 

American Indians and ecological sainthood

Environmentalists who idolize the hunter-gatherer lifestyle argue that “settled agriculture yielded a surplus facilitating the accumulation of wealth, from which flowed the evils of social hierarchy, slavery, patriarchalism, and commerce, as well as the disparaging of the wilderness.”

“Dead, inert and despiritualized in the European mind, nature as conceptualized by the Indian pulsated with vitality, enjoyed consciousness and was saturated with the divine principle.”

  • Where have you seen this stereotype of Native Americans enacted? Why has it persisted for so many centuries?

Head-Smashed-In_18-640x873.jpg

Aboriginal transformations of the natural world

Coates sites a study in which a group of geographers found that “the physical environment of the New World bore heavier human traces in 1492 than it did in the mid-1700s, before mass immigration from Europe.”

  • Native Americans were highly agricultural, practiced extensive cultivation, and used vegetation burning as a strategy for clearing land.

Nature and nationalism

“The United States developed a moralistic, republican version of nature that went far beyond the aesthetics of scenery.”

“Nature was a vital cohesive force in a country that lacked the glue of ethnic, religious, and racial homogeneity.”

“The American identification of freedom and independence with wild nature produces fear that the values of nationalism itself will be damaged if you destroy the symbols of nationalism because they depend on embodiment in tangible objects.”

As a nation, we are perhaps more diverse than ever. Does a shared, nationalistic alliance to nature continue to act as the “glue” that holds us together? Can you think of any example that either prove or disprove this point?

 

Chapter 6, Nature as Landscape

Ronald Hepburn- We perceive and evaluate natural objects and objects of art differently.

  • Aesthetic experience of nature involves immersion rather than detachment.
  • Whereas a piece of art is framed, nature is frameless and offers more scope for the individual imagination because it has not been deliberately created.
  • The question of seeing what the artist intended us to see does not arise; the perceiver provides the frame.
    • In what ways are art and nature similar? How do they differ aside from the above reasons?
    • Do you agree with Hepburn’s argument?

 

Landscape- a place created by the interaction of human and environmental processes

  • English conceptions about landscape were a product of paintings by Dutch and Flemish artists from the 16th and 17th centuries

hb_19.164.jpgPieter Brueghel

Rubens_Milkmaids_cattle_landscape.jpgPeter Paul Rubens

The conceptualization/creation of landscape lead to “competition for control over the definition and use of nature”.

Nature as landscape of leisure: eighteenth-century parks and gardens

“Landscapes of leisure were no more innocent and no less enclosed than the landscapes of agricultural progress. The privatization of nature was particularly evident in the conversion of woodland into hunting estates.”

“Manicured aesthetic of nature”

“Refined taste in landscape, as in architecture, was informed by a mechanistic conception of nature as a well-regulated and predictable system that functioned in accordance with laws stemming from a supreme intelligence”

b3b48f06f13540cb28c0ce5c7e537455.jpgThe gardens of Versailles “signified the triumph of culture over a self-willed natural world as emphatically as the sprouting factories and urban tenements.”

  • Should we view garden design as another example of the commodification nature? Does the fact that gardens contain natural elements prevent them from being seen as entirely artificial? Are you more in favor of the preservation of national parks or the preservation of city gardens/green spaces?
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Collin Nature Response 2

September 27, 2017

Reading Response:

The second section of Coates’s Nature struck an odd tone, for it seemed significantly more eclectic than the first half of the book. Indeed, the historical progression of nature’s perception was abandoned in favor of an assorted look at how differing ideologies process and address our relationship to the land. Of course, the only thing that appears consistent is that humanity’s treatment of “nature,” no matter how eco-friendly it seems, is merely a reflection of ourselves. To speak of nature is to indulge oneself in anthropocentrism. In part of his lengthy discussion on enclosures and landscapes, Coates offhandedly states that “A ‘place’ was not found, but made” (Coates 115). Here, he is referring to the historical reservation on acreage in Britain for leisurely purposes as opposed to exploitation for natural resources. The point, however, is that regardless of how that acreage is used, it is still an expression of human dominion. Still, at least this acknowledgement can be admired, for it is self-aware and authentic. If one is to practice landscaping, it is far better to embrace the style of Henry Hoare II, with his infused statuary and classicism, than that of Capabilities Brown’s pastoralism. At least the former openly admits, by way of design, that it is an artifice which reflects the inclinations of its demiurge.

This embossment of personal predilections or ideologies on the landscape obviously exceeds the realm of gardening. In demonstration of a more impactful example than landscaping, Coates brings attention to the unsteady relationship between socialism and environmentalism. He uses numerous examples, and many indicate socialism’s tendency to advocate for a position of human dominance. Marx thought that “natural resources should be managed on a sustainable basis,” while Engels noted that “The earth’s surface, climate, vegetation, fauna, and the human beings themselves have changed, and all this owing to human activity” (Coates 149). In the situations where mankind is compared to nature, as Kropotkin did in his defense of mutual cooperation, nature is still subordinate to a specific outcome for humans. In this case, nature merely served as a means for justifying an ideology. Although not necessarily socialist in nature, the deep ecology movement is also paradoxically anthropocentric. As Coates puts it, “deep ecologists deny humans any rights over nature” (Coates 154). To even discuss rights in conjunction with “nature,” one must impose a kind of framework for adjudicating rights. In turn, denying rights to humans in respect for nature is left up to human powers, who must enforce it somehow. In order to enforce it, however, it must have some jurisdiction over nature in order to keep it segregated, much as how the police will enforce a restraining order. However, the entire framework of rights is, albeit debatably, a human-forged illusion, and by introducing rights with nature as the defendant, the deep ecologist is engaging in a kind of legal or ideological oppression of nature. By even seeking to rid oneself of any authority over the natural world, one is condemning oneself to defining it. That is to say, shaping what nature is into one’s own vision, and this is the embodiment of authority.

Admittedly, this post has been a bit of a ramble, though it does express some of my thoughts on the many things Coates introduced throughout the book. The largest takeaway from Nature is, I think, the question of whether or not the construction of “nature” is a discursive or recursive phenomenon. Do we ever consult the natural world when we are imprinting our ideologies, the latter, or do we blindly imprint ideologies in succession over time, the former? To put it another way: does the signifier, us, ever consult the signified, nature, over the sign, “nature”? Ultimately, I don’t think we do, or I think that the process of creating nature is always a discursive process. We don’t continually reflect on the current state of affairs of nature when discussing “nature.” After all, we’ve already been inculcated with enough ideologies that have already determined what “nature” is for us, the real nature aside.

Environmental News:

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/shortcuts/2017/sep/18/octlantis-the-underwater-city-built-by-octopuses

Scientists have acquired evidence that a certain species of octopus, octopus tetricus, actually builds so-called “cities” in the ocean. These “cities” are described as artificial reefs comprised of clam and scallop shells, which were fashioned into dens for the octopuses to occupy. Apparently, however, these octopuses are quite quarrelsome, for they will frequently try to evict their neighbors from their respective dens.


Zak Hill Week 6 Coates: Nature Part 2 Response

September 27, 2017

Response: 

The second part of Coates’s novel Nature was very interesting, and brought a lot of new ways of thinking about our relationship to nature.  I thought the most interesting point of this section was about how when white Americans first discovered the Yosemite valley the Native Americans were already utilizing the natural features of the valley to their fullest potential.  He brings up many points about America’s romanticism with nature, and how views of conservation have affected our relationship with nature.  In this section, he talks about how Native Americans used the land to the fullest potential but still knew to only use enough that could be sustainable for the environment around them.  This is in stark contrast to the case of Easter Island which I learned about in my GEOG 347 class, where the natives overused the natural resources of their environment, and it inevitably drove them to ecological suicide.   This view that they are responsible for the well-being environment makes sustainable practices easy, and commonplace.  He also describes nature as giving us a scope of imagination, but natural scenes are framed because it paints a picture for the viewer of what nature is rather than experiencing it for themselves.  National parks are viewed in this way because the social construct of what constitutes a national park has been painted in our heads instead of deciding what nature means to ourselves.  In Nature, some are said to feel a sense of sublime, but Immanuel Kant said that you must feel an internal sense of horror to understand the sublimeness of nature.  I feel insignificant when I am out in nature, that if I was not there, it would still continue to exist.  The vastness of diversity in nature is amazing and never ceases to strike my wonder.  However when you account for population, and everyone’s impact on the environment there lies the sustainability problem.  Then when our society tells that gaining success is through acquiring land we are left with how to conserve what parts of the environment we haven’t yet touched.

I thought his point about the economy affecting our relationship with the environment was a very intriguing point, and had a lot of validity.  He attributes part of the reason of social injustice with nature stems from the social construct of nature as property.  He claims that the privatization of land is solely for the rich to enjoy the spoils fo being in nature.  That wealth is an inequitable standard of claiming land.  The way our economy works, and the way people acquire success is through material gain. You can acquire material gain through claiming land.  The idea that you can claim the land as yours, and privatize the land for selfish purposes is the exact difference between our society today, and the Native Americans.  People believe that we only just started affecting the natural world around us around the time of industrialization, but Coates argues that we have been affecting the environment since the start of time.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/energy-environment/maryland-suing-epa-on-power-plant-pollution-in-other-states/2017/09/27/660e0fde-a3ac-11e7-b573-8ec86cdfe1ed_story.html?utm_term=.f0c50f346d34

For this weeks news article, I found mine in the  Washington Post, and it is about my home state.  Maryland is currently suing the EPA for not placing emissions restrictions or pollution reductions in five upwind states from Maryland including Ohio.  They are suing them because, “They did nothing.”  States like Indiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia and Ohio have 36 power plants that are sending harmful emissions down into Maryland via the wind.  These states are all upwind of Maryland and their pollution is in violation of The Good Neighbor Provision.  Back in July, the original extension of the implementation of this act expired, and these states did nothing to reduce their impacts from these plants.  I just thought this article was interesting because it was about both places I call home, and will have a large impact on the policy that regards the environment around me.

 

 

 


Miranda: Project Outline

September 27, 2017

Mapping Running Trails in Delaware and Surrounding Areas

Project Participant(s): Miranda Gumbita

Description & overview of project: Central Ohio has a large running community with an expansive trail system. While many of these trail systems have maps that can be accessed online, they are extremely basic and not continually updated as the trail systems are. A great deal of information on local trails and where to access them is passed around by word of mouth. This project will focus on creating a detailed map of these trail systems. This map will include the overall map of each trail section, along with GPS coordinates of every access point along the trail. This expansive map of trails will then be made to the public in an easily accessible way. Through this, I hope to give the local community an easy way to locate and enjoy their local trails.

Outline of project:

  • Project description
  • Trail mapping process
  • Comprehensive map of trails and their access points
  • Information about trails being expanded in the future
    • October 4th at 6pm: Attend open house to view plans for new park along Pollock Road

Annotated bibliography:

Trail map of Delaware State Park https://parks.ohiodnr.gov/Portals/parks/PDFs/parks/Maps/Delaware/delawaretrailmap.pdf

Trail map of Rocks & Roots Trail *Hasn’t been updated to include newest trail extensions* http://files.www.fleetfeetcolumbus.com/Rocks_and_Roots_Groundbreaking.pdf

Trail map of Alum Creek Park https://parks.ohiodnr.gov/Portals/parks/PDFs/parks/Maps/Alum_Creek/alumcreektrailmap.pdf

Trail information for Deer Haven Park *Doesn’t include connection to Havener Park https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/deer-haven/

Trail information for Shale Hollow Park https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/shale-hollow/

Trail Information for Gallant Woods Park *Doesn’t include connection to Gallant Farm https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/gallant-woods/

Trail Information for Blues Creek Park       https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/blues-creek/

Trail Information for Char-Mar Ridge Park *Ohio to Erie Trail Connector https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/char-mar-ridge/

Trail Information for Emily Traphagen Park https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/emily-traphagen/

Trail Information for Hogback Ridge Park *Alum Creek Trail Connector https://www.preservationparks.com/parks/hogback-ridge/

Trail Information for Hoover Scenic Trail *Ohio to Erie/Char-Mar Park Connector https://www.preservationparks.com/ohio-to-erie-trail/hoover-scenic-trail/

Trail Information for Meredith State Road Trail https://www.preservationparks.com/ohio-to-erie-trail/meredith-state-road-trail/

Trail Information for Sandal Legacy Trail             https://www.preservationparks.com/ohio-to-erie-trail/sandel-legacy-trail/

Trail Information for Ohio to Erie Trail                 http://www.ohiotoerietrail.org/interactive-map/

Trail map for Highbanks Metro Park                                   http://www.metroparks.net/parks-and-trails/highbanks/park-map/

Weekly Reading

The second half of Nature, gave an easier to read and more relatable perspective. Coates discusses parks being a construct that were created for the rich. This a concept that I don’t necessarily agree with, as toady’s parks and preserved lands are open to everyone. They’re there for us as a society to enjoy, regardless of social status. I did agree with his views on how humans have manipulated nature, however. Genetically modified crops only exist due to us as humans needing to sustain our population. We have continually modified and impacted nature since the beginning of our existence, and that impact has only increased in severity as our populations have grown.


Collin Project Proposal

September 27, 2017

The Fantasies Implicit in Fantasy Cartography

Project Participant: Collin Rastetter

Project Description:

From Tolkien to a Dungeons and Dragons group, maps are numerous and useful to the participant in a high fantasy universe. From an external perspective, these maps serve many of the same purposes as maps of the “real world.” They typically are designed to better understand the spatial contexts of the fantasy universe’s lore and story progression, much as maps of the Earth can help contextualize the geographic relationships between people, environmental features, events, etc. Furthermore, fantasy maps frequently possess an aesthetic quality comparable to the desirability of a visibly enticing map of the Earth or one of her regions. However, fantasy maps are also susceptible to many of the same biases and distortions that geographic maps do. These biases can be just as cached as the implicit assumptions transmitted to geographic maps. Much as the real-world cartographer can easily assume that they are just representing the world as is, so too can the fantasy cartographer by believing they are mapping an objectively created universe.

The issues hitherto mentioned constitute those that will be addressed in the exegesis of fantasy cartography and its methods. Fantasy maps are attached to a specific set of assumptions, particularly in an aesthetic sense. Many fantasy maps are created using pseudo-medieval typography and symbology. This may seem reasonable, given that many fantasy settings are tinged with medievalism and a kind of bucolic spiritualism. The observer or participant in the universe, through using the map, can feel immersed in the lore by imagining that the map was made according to the in-universe style. However, this medievalism can lead to several complications, which will be explored further in the project. One example, though, is the placement of monster symbols throughout the map. Historically, these indicated unknown places, tall tales, or mere artistic flourishes in real-world maps. Fantasy universes may actually have monsters, so the map conveys ambiguity to the viewer. Is it the case that these monsters represent real creatures or the tall tales of the universe’s inhabitants?

An important detail that must be taken into account is how individual bias may factor into these fantasy maps. If they do indeed affect fantasy cartography, then the question must be raised as to whose biases they are: the real person making it or an assumed cartographer in-universe? In the case of the former, it can be quite indicative of the preferences that the participant has toward specific in-universe cultures, nations, etc. Consequently, this can inform how one, in addition to the map’s viewers, interprets and interacts with the fantasy world in which one is engaged. For the latter case, however, it gives insight into how an in-universe character’s culture might view that of other societies. One strain of bias affects the external interpretation of the universe, the other the internal interpretation of the universe. This is an example of the types of problems that will be analyzed with regard to subjectivity in high fantasy mapping.

Ultimately, I plan on using a number of resources to exemplify and illuminate the aforementioned problems in fantasy mapping. Most importantly, and obviously, I plan on using fantasy maps. Among these maps are the ones that my own Dungeons and Dragons group created for the world of Sae. In addition, I plan on examining maps made for more prominent fantasy universes, like World of Warcraft and Game of Thrones.

Project Outline: 

  • Introduce the subject of fantasy maps
    • Provide Examples
    • Broader question of what defines a fantasy map?
      • What assumptions do we make, and how do we relate territory to maps in a fantasy context?
      • What is the difference between our conceptualization of real places from real maps and fantasy places from fantasy maps?
  • Discuss the symbology of fantasy maps
    • Influence of “real-world” historical maps
      • How does this style affect our imagination and interpretation of the world?
    • Influence of in-universe biases
      • Who creates the bias: the in-universe cartographer or the external cartographer?
      • How does this bias the viewer’s immersion and imagining of the world?
        • Does this bias affect how one views a certain fantasy society’s towns, farms, or the general culture that yielded these settlements?
    • Influence of absence
      • Why are certain things depicted and others not?
        • Fantasy worlds exist in the imagination, so what does the absence of spatial data do to color our comprehension of the fantasy universe?
  • Discuss the typography of fantasy maps
    • Discuss many of the same issues as those related to symbology, though probably with greater brevity
    • How does our understanding of in-universe places get affected by the font and languages used?
      • What does the use of in-universe languages suggest about the cultures represented by the map?
        • Do these suggest implicit biases in the fantasy map? If so, whose?
  • Throughout the project, examples of fantasy maps will be used to illustrate these points.
  • Concluding thoughts

Annotated Bibliography:

Alan Isley: Dungeon Master

Alan Isley is the Dungeon Master for my Dungeons and Dragons group. Furthermore, he created a substantial portion of the universe that is depicted in our fantasy maps. He would be able to help articulate any errors or partialities conveyed in our maps.

 

Jacob Reese: Our Cartographer

Jacob Reese is a member of my Dungeons and Dragons group, and he primarily created the set of maps that we’ve used. Although the software he employed, Inkarnate, is limited in its capabilities, there are still many conventions and biases entrenched in those maps.

 

Ekman, Stefan. Here Be Dragons: Exploring Fantasy Maps and Settings. Wesleyan, 19 Feb. 2013.

This is a scholarly textbook written in the field of fantasy studies. Its main purpose is to examine how in-universe landscapes, and by extension maps, influence how the author and reader interpret fantasy stories. Specific attention is dedicated to analyzing maps of Middle Earth.

 

St. Onge, Tim. “Imaginary Maps in Literature and Beyond: ‘Not all those who wander are lost’.” Library of Congress, The Library of Congress, https://blogs.loc.gov/maps/2016/06/imaginary-maps-in-literature-and-beyond-not-all-those-who-wander-are-lost/.  25 Sept. 2017.

This blog post is part of a series on imaginary maps, with this post specifically dealing with the maps of Tolkien and George R. R. Martin’s universes. Within the blog post, the author comments on the shared, simple pictorial design choice for the in-book maps of these respective worlds. Furthermore, the author discusses the ways in which these maps further immerse the reader through the use of in-universe languages for toponyms.

 

Röhl, Tobias, & Regine Herbrik. “Mapping the Imaginary—Maps in Fantasy Role-Playing Games.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research [Online], 9.3 (2008): n. pag. Web. 27 Sep. 2017

This is a scholarly article that documents a study done on the utilization on fantasy or imaginary maps in role-playing groups. Primarily, the piece argues that fantasy maps allow players to synchronize their thoughts of the in-game world and that they allow for the imagination of the landscape within the set confines of the map.

 

Jacob, Christian. The sovereign map: theoretical approaches in cartography throughout history, edited by Edward H. Dahl. Translated by Tom Conley, University of Chicago Press, 2006.

I haven’t picked this book up yet, though it looks like it will be useful. According to notes on the book, it contains a section on imaginary maps as well as a potentially helpful discourse on toponyms.

 

Krygier, John. Making Maps: DIY Cartography. https://makingmaps.net/. Accessed 26 Sept. 2017.

The blog has several posts that can provide information on and examples of differing types of map symbology. Symbology plays a crucial role in how subjective attitudes, be it valorization or prejudice, can affect a map’s representation of place. This is as true for fantasy maps as for maps of the “real world.”

 

The History of Cartography, Volume 3. Edited by David Woodward, University of Chicago Press, 2007.

The twenty-first chapter of this book contains an rigorous outline of map symbology, or signage, during the Renaissance, with many of these symbols being carried over from Medieval cartographers. Since many fantasy maps are stylistically tinged by maps from this period, it is beneficial to know the types of symbols, and their implications, that different cartographers used.


David Week 6

September 27, 2017

Project proposal

Project:  The Changing Landscape of Delaware

David Herbawi

The objective of this project is to identify how the environment of the city of Delaware has changed over the years.  To be more exact, I want to how particular areas in the city have been impacted by human development, or the lack of it.  I’m hoping to find examples of areas having all the flora cleared out for new construction, or perhaps see an abandoned building being slowly reclaimed by nature over time.  The first part of my project would be to go around collecting old images of the city of Delaware.  Preferably I would be able to find multiple pictures of each area I choose to study from various time periods.  I plan on acquiring these pictures mostly from the OWU library and Delaware County Historical Society, but also from the internet and maybe even some from local antique shops.   Once I have acquired all the pictures I need I will personally visit each area that I chose to study in order to compare their current state to that of the old photos.  I will document each place I visit by taking notes and by taking pictures of my own, taking some from the same angle as the original photos whenever I’m able to.

Outline

  • Collect portfolio of old photos first.  I’m getting the old pictures first because it would suck if I documented a really interesting part of Delaware to only find out later that there are not enough old photos to properly study how it has changed over the years.  I will probably collect a lot more photos than I will actually be using,  which will allow me to be more choosy with the places I want to study.
    • First place I will search will be the OWU Library, where I will ask for copies of the old photos they have.
    • The next place I will search will be the Delaware County Historical Society.  They have thousands of pictures available on their website.
    • I will also browse local stores and antique shops for photos and postcards.
  • Go out and take pictures and notes of the places I’m studying myself.  I will bring a pen and notebook with me to write down what I see, and my phone to take pictures.  This part should be pretty enjoyable if the whether is decent on the days I do it.
  • Bring all my work together into a slideshow presentation.

 

Sources

  • OWU LIbrary
    • Probably the first place I will look, especially for photos of campus.
  • Delaware County Historical Society http://www.delawareohiohistory.org/
    • The second place I will search, and also where I’m likely to get the majority of my photos.
  • Local Shops
    • To be honest, I probably don’t even need to search these places since my first two sources will provide so much of what I need, but I feel like it will be a nice addition to the project and help immerse me in it.
  • My personal photos
    • I’m going to use my iphone camera.

(I know this is way less than 10 sources, but I honestly couldn’t think of anything else my project could use.)

Reading Response

I Think I enjoyed reading the second half of Coates’ Nature more than I did the first half.  Perhaps this is because I was more adjusted to his writing style this time.  If I had to summarize every single point made in his book into one concise argument, it would be that you should never disregard the the authority people lend to the laws of nature.  The natural world is what romanticists think of when they here the word nature.  They think of trees, rivers, mountains, bushes, and animals all living an a harmonious ecosystem that is inherently good.  They believe that nature has a certain natural order that should be respected by humans.  Romanticists view places that haven’t yet been subdued by modernization, such as the Swiss Alps, as fragments of the Garden of Eden (130).  When Europeans first encountered Yosemite, they saw it as an example of the perfection of nature, not knowing that Native Americans had actually worked to make the area more bountiful than it was before.  Venerating the laws of nature didn’t always mean venerating the environment or natural world, however.  After the Romanticists came the social Darwinists, who read terms such as natural selection and survival of the fittest, and saw it as evidence of man’s natural position above all plants and animals.  People would also refer to laws of nature to justify their behavior to their fellow humans.  Coates uses examples capitalists arguing that limiting competition is against nature itself, while socialists believed that materialism was warping our view of nature so much that children will grow up wondering what the moon is supposed to advertise (153).

 

 

 

 


Daniel Delatte– Term Proposal

September 26, 2017

Project Outreach Proposal

Daniel Delatte

Description/Overview:

What I want to do is have an outreach program that will be centered around the natural sciences which is an under exposed career path for kids, especially those in inner city schools. That exposure only comes from those who find the time to look for it on their own, as well as those that take the opportunity upon themselves to make that happen. It would help if those who did were also relatively young in age to make the communication aspect of it easier—someone that makes it easier to relate to.

I would partner with Sally Leber, coordinator of the Little Big Brother/Sister program to get in contact with those schools. I would have those resources including transportation, media, and funding done through them for the majority part of it. If there are any additional things that aren’t included, I would gain the funding through whatever party would be involved in the action taking place. It is aimed to impact those kids in the local Delaware area schools, as well as a select few in the Columbus area.

Edward Abbey created a book that followed a experience detailed outline that I would base my own experiences off of and use that to relay the message of what many of the careers could lead to. In addition, I would like to draw in others in the science department of the school that would share their own experiences to show other opportunities outside of my own. I also have contacts affiliated with the Forest Service that have expressed interest in possibly being represented at a few of the events. I would have an illustrative presentation detailing my own experiences, showcased through pictures and such.

The process would also involve interactive portions where the kids got a chance to do some of their own studies and would be able to create their own experiences through exploration of places they’d be interested in visiting. We would expose them to various national parks and forests, giving them an opportunity to also learn about those in their local Central Ohio areas. We would also provide them with opportunities to become engaged in local initiatives to get out in nature.

The duration of it would vary between my availability for school, as well as that of the school and it’s students. The goal would be to make it from the 16th of October until the 6th of November, but those dates may change. I would meet once a week with preferably switching school’s to reach an impact on as many of them as I can. I would prefer to make it primarily for those in 2nd and 3rd grades, while still giving opportunities to anyone interested in making it.

Project Outline:

  1. Overview
    1. Presentation (all media and interactive planning)
    2. Mentors (students, faculty, and guests)
    3. Surveys (mainly for feedback)
    4. Transportation (buses by OWU and/or program)
    5. School’s (still finalizing all school’s that will be apart of it)
  2. Interaction
    1. How many people will determine if the program will be split to make communication easier.
    2. Student’s can choose if they’d prefer to hear about one over the other (if it were to be split up.)
  3. Feedback
    1. We would like to know what we can improve and if at all was it succesful.
    2. I’ll use that to gauge what the kid’s enjoyed most and implement it to get better future results.
    3. That information can also be used to understand what gets the youth most excited about the environmental aspect of science.

Annotated Biography:

Preservation Parks (https://www.preservationparks.com/)

Preservation Parks would be a good way to start in involving them with local green spaces that would be fun to enjoy. It would also give them access to different events that they put on involving the outdoors.

Sneideman, Joshua. 2013. “Engaging Children in STEM Education EARLY!” December. http://naturalstart.org/feature-stories/engaging-children-stem-education-early.

This article relays the importance of getting kid’s involved in the sciences early along with having them do it through being in nature.

NC State University. “Benefits of Connecting Children with Nature.” Natural Learning Initiative . January 2012. Accessed September 26, 2017. https://naturalearning.org/sites/default/files/Benefits%20of%20Connecting%20Children%20with%20Nature_InfoSheet.pdf.

This outlines the benefits in a start to a child’s development when nature is in involved. It gives pointers on how to present certain topics that revolve around nature.

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (https://kids.niehs.nih.gov/)

The benefits behind having environmental knowledge and it’s relatedness to health. There are also games and websites the kid’s could play on their own time at home to get them more enthusiastic about nature.

“Importance of STEM Education in Elementary School | College of Education – FSU.” FSU College of Education. August 01, 2016. Accessed September 26, 2017. https://education.fsu.edu/importance-stem-education-elementary-school.

Provides additional statistics behind what happens when kid’s are exposed to STEM early on.

Browning, M.H.E.M., J.L. Marion, and T.G. Gregoire. “Sustainably connecting children with nature – An exploratory study of nature play area visitor impacts and their management.” Landscape and Urban Planning 119 (2013): 104-112. Accessed September26, 2017. doi:10.1016/J.LANDURBPLAN.2013.07.004.

This could give some idea as to why children are not really invested in to play in nature. It provides research on what is impacted when they do and what ages do what.

Sobko, Tanja, Michael Tse, and Matthew Kaplan. “A randomized controlled trial for families with preschool children – promoting healthy eating and active playtime by connecting to nature.” BMC Public Health 16, no. 1 (2016): 1-11. Accessed September26, 2017. doi:10.1186/S12889-016-3111-0.

Randomized study that focuses seeing the benefits of eating and playing in nature in groups of children. Can tell what they lack when not exposed to sufficient time outdoors.

Skouteris, H., et al. “Promoting Obesity Prevention Together with Environmental Sustainability.” Health Promotion International, vol. 29, no. 3, 2014, pp. 454-462.

“In the case of children, this approach is supported with evidence that even from a young age they show emerging understandings of complex environmental issues and are capable of both internalizing positive environmental values and influencing their own environmental outcomes. Given young children’s high levels of environmental awareness, it is easy to see how environmental sustainability messages may help educate and motivate children to make ‘healthier’ choices.”