Environment & Society pt. 2
The second half of the book was definitely more of a slog to get through. I found myself skipping to specific chapters for more interesting things to be discussed. I found that while I may have not enjoyed the density and formatting of this textbook, the authors convey points of nuance on these subjects, such as carbon, trees, and the recent phenomena of bottled water. The approach that they take in explaining response to these problems, are first in a population/markets approach, then they build off of that with the political economy approach, and then discuss the ethics of it. None of their arguments are more definitive than one another, it all just depends on personal predispositions to certain forms of mitigation; however this does not mean I don’t think some forms of mitigation could be more effective than others.
For example, the nuances of the issue of carbon emissions spans more than just the greenhouse effect. Approaches to reducing this are under the presumption of the common property of Earth and the atmosphere. Now take it back to the industrial revolution, which countries were making a killing, monetarily and environmentally? The culprits of this rise in carbon emissions are European nations and the Americas; Two small sections of our planet, yet they have emitted way more, prior to anyone else. This begs the question, if Earth and our atmosphere is common property and we should abide by the rules set out by that, then why would less financially privileged nations–’Global South’–be obliged to pay and be under the same regulations that the ‘Core’ is. This is where the idea of green taxes becomes muddy, basically due to the inherent inequality of the world, that even countries who do not emit the same abhorrent amounts, are subject to the same types of restrictions. This is where I start leaning towards a system of cap and trade, although I am not even definitive on that statement, there are to many factors at play that could make that type of system thrive, or fail.
Yet another instance in where the earth’s wealthiest humans, not looking to earth for investing, but rather in the fucking sky. I know that in theory this is good, what with these same guys being in the business of supporting carbon emissions here on earth, the need to find a way to capitalize of the new frontier is obvious, finding a way to make the ultra rich who will leave earth to fund their wealth. I’m a pessimist, so yeah, people can be like, ‘well we don’t know what they will do with their wealth to make technological advancements’. This is the same line of thinking that goes along with induced intensification, but not for supporting agriculture, or water, or ecosystems, its spaceships. I do not trust Bezos at all as well, just for clarification, he gives me super villain vibes, and his buddies Musk and Branson all have the same idea about capitalizing on the new ‘space race’.