Project Proposal- Matt and Beau

Project Title: Name yet to be decided

Project Participants: Beau Forester and Matthew Yung

Description and Overview: In this project we are going to be constructing bee hotels. This is going to be done in three parts. The first part is going to be finding and collecting materials for the hotels. We are going to hopefully find scrap materials to use, as opposed to purchasing them. We will do this by going to goodwill and searching for bamboo blinds that we could use, as well we are going to search around Delaware for bamboo to use. For the wood we will also be looking at wooden frames that we could scrap and use for the casing of the hotels. We will also be searching through the dumpsters by the art building for any materials that could be useful to us. Finally, we are also going to be working with B&G on finding any scrap materials they can give us. During this phase of the project we will also be scouting the best locations for these hotels. This is going to be based upon research performed, in order to see what would be most optimal for the bees, as well as which spots would actually get inhabited by the bees. This research will be as important as finding the materials, because obviously the end goal is that these hotels actually get used by the bees. The second phase of this project is going to be constructing the hotels. We are going to need the tools in order to actually construct these hotels, which shouldn’t be a problem. We will be making a prototype first, and seeing what worked well with it, and what we could refine to make sure that they are actually going to work. Then after that we will probably make anywhere between 5-10 depending on how many materials we can gather. The final phase will then be to install these hotels at various areas around the campus. Like mentioned above, the spots that we install them in must be heavily researched so that 1) the bees actually use them and 2) so that B&G doesn’t mistake it for garbage and tries to remove them. Then post-installation we will be checking in on them weekly, to make sure that they stayed there and were not messed with, we will also be checking in on them to make sure that they stay decently clean so that they could stay out there for as long as possible so that many bees can use them. 

Outline:

  1. Finding materials
    1. B&G
      1. We are working with Jay to find scrap materials
    2. Goodwill
      1. Looking for bamboo blinds to make the rooms
      2. Other materials we can use for rooms
    3. Dumpsters
      1. After talking with a professor at the metal art studio near the stadium, he recommended dumpster diving in order to find the proper materials. We are planning on going dumpster diving (with the proper shoes and clothing) to see if we can find usable plywood, metal, or lumber.
    4. Bamboo
      1. We are going to ask around for possible locations in Delaware where bamboo grows
      2. We are also going to go door to door to ask if they have bamboo in their yards that we can cut and use for our project. We’re also going to explore open areas to hopefully find some.
  2. Building hotels
    1. Materials
      1. Based upon the materials we gather we may have to treat the wood. We will need to figure out how we are going to cut the pieces and handle any scrap pieces
    2. Size and designs
      1. What shape we build the frame and the rooms.
      2. We will be putting a roof on them, to keep the rain off. As well we will be looking into possible bird wiring
      3. The particular dimensions of the frame
      4. The depth of the hotel and diameter of holes
  3. Picking locations
    1. Research and recommendations
      1. We will need to do research to determine what spots will be the best for these hotels. We will also get recommendations based upon the native bees in Central Ohio.
    2. Exploring and Placement
      1. We will need to visit the locations, and scout them out to guarantee that the spots are ideal.
      2. Explanation on why we choose the location
      3. Construction behind placing it
  4. Possible future projects
    1. cleaning the hotels to make sure that they stay in optimal condition
    2. Analyzing the success of these hotels to check in and make sure that bees are actually inhabiting them

Bibliography:

Barth, B. (2017, February 14). How to build a native bee hotel. Retrieved February 19, 2018, from https://modernfarmer.com/2017/02/build-native-bee-hotel/

This article provides a basic guide to building a bee hotel and gives foundational information about native bees. The author describes native bee characteristics including their solidarity and optimal features of spaces where they lay eggs. The construction is broken into three easy steps: build a frame, add “rooms”, and mount the hotel.

Healthy bee hotels. (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2018, from Crownbees website:

   https://crownbees.com/bee-hotels/

The webpage gives further instructions about caring and maintaining the bee hotel. It also provides factual information about well-suited locations and tips for protecting against birds. Lastly, the webpage explains what to avoid such as structures that are too large or installing materials permanently in place.

Hutchins, A. (2015) SECERTS OF BEE HOTELS. Maclean’s. 128(21), 48-49.

This is an academic article discussing the results of a study that placed 300 bee hotels throughout a city. It noted that wasps and other parasites will negatively impact the amount native bees using the hotels. The location, weather, and build of the hotel must be oriented carefully around native bee habits.

Maclvor, J S., & Parker, L. (2015). ‘Bee Hotels’ as Tools for native Pollinator Conservation: A Premature Verdict?

Plos One, 10(3), doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122125 6

This is another academic article referred to by Hutchins in “Secrets of Bee Hotels” that did a study of bee hotels in Toronto, Canada. It found that almost a quarter of the bee population could be attributed to the bee population and that an increased number of wasps were also using the structures.

Prajzner, S., & Gardiner, M. (2015, May 28). Ohio bee identification guide. Retrieved February 20,

   2018, from https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/ENT-57

This webpage is from two professors at Ohio State University that provides information about different species of bees located in Ohio. It provides identification markers and gives common nesting locations.

 

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