Nature: Western Attitudes Since Ancient Times Chapters 6-9:
In the latter half of Coates’ book, he goes on to talk about an idea about how there are natural and cultural landscapes. It was an interesting thought, how only a few parts of the world have been untouched by humans and the transition of the rest of the world’s land to a cultural setting, as if to make up for our mistakes for disturbing these lands. These remodeled landscapes often have plant species that were not native to the area due to aesthetic purposes and therefore can disturb more of the surrounding, native plant species and create more harm than good. This idea of cultural landscapes, such as lawns, have been heavily built into our culture: lawns need to be green, freshly cut and cleared with beautiful and exotic plants to show how much a landowner takes pride in their living space. In reality, lawns and gardens tend to be very high maintenance due to different pH levels in the soil, temperature and seasonal differences and lighting.
So after this thought process, Coates introduces another concept: how animals do not have the capacity to behave similarly to human language. I disagree with his claim, even with domesticated animals, animals have distinct behaviors and body language that can be interpreted as their own language. Animals are beings that deserve to be respected and have survived hundreds to thousands years of evolutionary history. As a species, humans have risen to the top of the food chain, and with our behaviors have made every other animal in our kingdom inferior. With our behaviors, we have also destroyed their natural habitats, and it is our responsibility to conserve the areas we have eradicated.
Inspired by advancements in 3D printing, Fabien Cousteau and a team of researchers from the Fabien Cousteau Ocean Learning Center, his nonprofit that focuses on awareness, education, and research in ocean conservation, are experimenting with printing coral reefs as a method of rehabilitation. His skeletons are made of the same material as natural coral, calcium carbonate (which only became printable in the last few years). He’s developed three different pore textures and has more than 30 different coral shapes that visually replicate the form of a natural reef. The printed structures—three-by-three-inch tiles or six- to 12-inch-tall towers—are anchored to the ocean floor on trays or integrated directly into existing reefs.
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