Placing Animals

For me I thought this book was pretty interesting and would absolutely recommend using it again next semester. It was a fairly easy read and was kind of set up in a text book format. Placing Animals did a very good job by bringing together the historical development of the field of animal geography with a comprehensive survey of how geographers study animals today. Urbanik provides readers with a thorough understanding of the relationship between animal geography and the larger animal studies project, an appreciation of the much geography of human-animal interactions around the world. It brings an insight of religion and history of animals and how they were treated and how animals have changed in the human eye over the years. This book will emphasize five major categories: cultural, ecological, economic, ethical, and political.

Chapter 1) Where, how and why do we have the relationships that we do with different animals? Why are some animal’s food and some animals pets? Why are some animals both? Do we have obligations to other species? Do some animals matter more than others? These are the main question asked upon us through the first chapter. There are many different views on animals and their importance in our society today about trying to save them and killing them for food. Many activists groups try to save some animals from getting killed while others are looking for fair treatment of animals.

Chapter 2) Focuses specifically on the development of geographic work on animals by conducting a broad survey of historical accounts of animals and then outlining the development of modern-day animal geography. In this chapter it shows how over time the animal’s role starts changing. For example, back in 484– 425 BCE places in Egypt would worship animals that in today world could be eaten now. It also talks about how animals like the horse and pig right from the start had their role and could not do anything about it. Urbanic goes into depth on animal geography and the different phases it has gone through. When talking about animal geography, they first needed to study the animals. Study of animals was key part of discipline of animal geography and came to be known as zoogeography.

The first wave of zoogeography focused on the distributions and adaptations of mainly wild animals. Humans were largely out of the picture Zoogeography heavily influenced by scientists like Darwin, before which people believed that animals lived where ever they were most suited for. Animal geography allowed people to ask why there weren’t the same species in very similar habitats. The second wave, built on the cultural ecology vision of Carl Sauer, we saw a focal point on human relations with domesticated animals. The third wave Philo and Wilbert define this new animal geography as a subfield that focus squarely on the complex entanglings of human-animal relations with space, place, location, environment and landscape. In addition, they state that animal geography works to explore

Chapter 3) Explores the animal geographies of the home through the examples of pets and culture. Also we have seen how an animal geography lens can be used to shed light on pets as well as larger cultural markers. Who you are in terms of your treatment of animals often depends on where you are spatially and culturally. Whether you want to reinforce the human-animal divide or cross it sexually, create a more-than-human family with a dog or see the dog as a purely experimental tool or economic object, or utilize dog parks or ignore them, our identities, language, and everyday spaces are imbued with complex interspecies power geometries. In the book it also talks about how different religion thought differently of animals and animals had a different role and sometimes worshiped

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