Ch. 9 Carbon Dioxide
- The Kyoto Protocol: I believe that limitations and reductions in a country’s emission of greenhouse gases are very important ideas. As time goes on, the amount of greenhouses gases increases, and it is up to us (humans) to do something about it. I think that all countries should have some sort of climate change control, whether they are very developed, less developed, have large or small populations, wealthy or poor. If you have the resources to create new technologies or the power to create national limits, it should be done…..emissions should NOT be “traded”…that is lazy!
- Personally, in the U.S., I believe that people should be taxed a certain amount of money (a flat, annual fee…nothing major) for every car that they own. The money from these taxes should then go to companies that can use it create new technologies to decrease greenhouse gases an organizations that go out and plant trees…or something similar.
Ch. 10 Trees
- I think it is interesting how people in some countries utilize trees in their crop fields (instead of just cutting them all down), like in “shade grown” coffee (pg 168). The trees allow for a wide range of ecosystem services and sustain a large biodiversity.
- In a political economy view, the idea of deforestation is understood as capitalist agriculture, where the decline in trees is caused by the problem of expansion or development.
- In the history of resisting deforestation, women have played a large role…the book lists several examples where women have actually tied themselves to trees in order to stop others from cutting them down.
Ch. 11 Wolves
- Wolves: the Gray Wolf, the Red Wolf, the Mexican Wolf, the Iranian Wolf, and the Arctic Wolf (because it is my favorite)
- Why in the world would you want to kill these beautiful creatures???
- I thought it was very interesting how influential one species (such as the wolf) can be on the ecosystem/environment. On page 186-187, the authors describe how reintroducing wolves into Yellowstone National Park influenced the biodiversity. Because there are more wolves, there are less elk (they are either eaten or move somewhere else)…because there are less elk, the willows are able to grow more prominently…because there are more willows, there are more beavers (because they use the willows to build their houses)…because there are more beavers, there are more dams…and because there are more dams, there are more reptile and amphibians.
- The idea that men are “righteous” hunters and that wolves are “evil” hunters makes me die a little on the inside…… I think that humans can be more evil that anything else in this world.
Ch. 12 Tuna
- When looking at tuna from a Markets and Commodities point of view, the authors state that the only way that society can really create sustainable ocean resources is that we must buy the right things. I really agree with this idea, I feel that in the end, the buyers have the upper hand. For example, if they want to stop dolphin bycatch, they must buy “dolphin safe” tuna….if people want to end the cruelty of factory farms, then they have to give up the cheaper prices and buy free-range animals.
- This chapter goes into the idea of animal rights. Although I believe and support that humans need to make a lot of anthropomorphic decisions, I also believe that we need to take the rights of animals (and even the environment) into consideration. Even though factory farms are cheaper, I think that animals are aware of what is happening to them and that they deserve better.
Ch. 13 Bottled Water
- I thought it was interesting that most bottled water is just tap water put in a bottle and that a lot of the things companies advertise about (e.g., “natural spring water”) is usually just made up to sell the product…..I also found it interesting that tap water (in well developed countries such as the U.S.) can be healthier than bottled water. Not only does that plastic from the bottles (PET) contaminate the water, but water quality regulations are less strict for bottled water than it is for tap water (who would have thought??)….ALSO, that more water is used in producing the bottle than the actual amount that fills up the bottle for consumption.
- To help the environment out a little, my roommate and I use Brita water bottles instead of buying bottled water all the time!
Ch. 14 French Fries
- While on the topic of McDonald’s…Did you know that their hamburger meat is ammonium-hydroxide treated? Or that only about 15% of their burgers are REAL meat, the other 85% is the ammonium-hydroxide treated meat fillers…that can cause stomach cancer.
- Also, only about 50% of their chicken nuggets are actually real chicken!…the other 50% includes corn derivatives, sugars, leavening agents, and completely synthetic ingredients, such as Dimethyl polysiloxane (a type of silicone used in cosmetics and a variety of other goods like BREAST IMPLANTS) and Tertiary butylhydroquinone (a petroleum-based product with antioxidant-like properties that can have side effects like vomiting and delirium!) Way to go, McDonald’s…
- Other than these interesting facts, I was very intrigued that potatoes didn’t become popular out of Ireland for some time because of the suspicions people had of them…people literally wouldn’t eat them because they were not mentioned in the Bible. People were also racist against potatoes…well, not really against potatoes, but they did have racist associations with them. AND, people didn’t want to eat them because they grew underground…therefore, they cannot be trusted!
- Evil underground vampire potato!