In Australia, fossil fuels delivered cheap, reliable electricity through both extreme heat and torrential storms. But now, the problems form the continuous usage of coal are starting to show through. Drought, rampant wildfire in the outback, and the degradation of the Great Barrier Reef are altering how Australia views its energy endowment. Awakened to the fact that the Earth’s future is vulnerable to climate change, and with one of the world’s highest per capita carbon emissions, Australia has taken steps to change its fate. the government has already issued it’s first ever carbon emissions permits. The implementation of new climate energy law is expected to give Australia the world’s most comprehensive carbon cap and trade system by 2015.