In this novel, author Wendell Berry compares his mind and character that has happened in agriculture to the downward spiral of our culture. Berry feels that our culture and agriculture needs to be a unified system. One of the things Berry talks about in his novel energy. He views that our use of energy is broken down to two things machine energy such as cars and other kinds of transportation as well as biological energy. Everybody has to help out in the use of biological energy that includes plants, animals, and humans. The concept of return is also comes up in the book which means what ever they take in, they turn it into a form so it can be used by another plant, animal etc. This takes more responsiblity as well as care than used by production and consumption.