As a New Jersey Native, I was already quite aware of the pollution problem our fine state has suffered without reading this book. As a fan of the New York Football Giants and the New Jersey Devils, for a long time I frequented the very part of New Jersey that the book focuses on: the Meadow Lands. It is easy to imagine how it became the way it did today, as the book makes clear. Three professional sports teams made their homes in the region, brigning in hundereds of thousands of people and cars a week into the area. With that comes litter, air pollution, and noise pollution. It is also geographically significant. It is a low lying marsh land that sits between the Hudson and Hackensack rivers, just east of New York City in New Jersey. The commuters alone bring ample pollution. Waste from New York City and New Jersey have permanently damaged the area and, while it remains “wild”, it can never be truly classified as wilderness. The human ifluence on the area has scared the area to the point where it is practically a part of the habitat- piles of garbage and waste have accumulated and stayed for so long that they are normal and assimilated. The actual physical appearance of the land is altered not only by garbage, but by building. The construction of roads, railways, and structures such as stadiums have brought more people and still stand. While this is all good to know, I found the book was more interesting in its interpretation of the history of the area. It was informative as to the history of the area, but between the lines I believe there is a hidden theme to the Meadowlands. Such a geographically significant area can show the results of building and progress. Trains, stadiums, super-highways, cars, and cities are all a testament to our ability to make progress and prosper. The Meadowlands functions to connect New Jersey with New York City as well as demonstrate our capabilities. Upon a closer look, can interpret the growth of the tri-state area for what it was- chaotic and larger than life. It was so chaotic that the function of the Meadowlands quickly and carelessly overlooked in favor of progress. Ultimately, I think the book and the Meadowlands show how damaging we can be to the environment, as well as provides historical context to understanding it.