This project will cover aspects of volcanoes, volcanism, and tourism related to volcanism. It will not focus on one single volcano, however, it will focus on roughly 8 different volcanoes that are either extinct, dormant, or active, and the tourism on or around said volcano. The project will cover what a volcano is, i.e. the different types of magmatic activities that occur at each active volcano, and what makes a volcano active, dormant, or extinct. It will then go over tourism, i.e. what tourism is, what it is about volcanoes that is so appealing, and how volcanoes affect tourism (either by increasing or decreasing revenue).
The bulk of the project will focus on each volcano and the tourism related to it; both the past and present tourism and what effects volcanic activity at said volcano had/has on the tourism industry in that area. For instance, Hawaii is part of a volcanic island arc located on a hot spot in the Pacific Ocean. Mt. Kilauea is a shield volcano, meaning that it has a very flat slope compared to a volcano like Mt. St. Helens, and has been erupting a low-viscosity (fast flowing) lava for roughly 30 years. Some people travel to Hawaii just for the name, others travel to climb on this active volcano to the summit to watch the eruption. People also travel to Hawaii to see the black sands that formed from the erosion of cooled lava.
On the other hand, volcanic activity is, obviously, extremely dangerous and can divert potential tourists from destinations near an active or dormant volcano just because of the underlying danger. It can also disrupt some tourist’s vacation if there is a warning and evacuation but an eruption never occurs. This case also does more harm than good to the destination because of “unsatisfied” or scared tourists, resulting in decreased revenue.
Overall, this project is focusing on numerous aspects of volcanic tourism, namely it’s popularity, pros and cons, and background information.
o What is a volcano?
o How do volcanoes work?
o Dangers of volcanoes
o Description of Kilauea
o Tourism packages
o Common sites seen during tour
· Mt. St. Helens
o Eruption in 1980
o Renewed activity in 2004
o Tourism info
o Revival after eruption of Soufriere
o Common sites
· Other volcanoes
o Auvergne Volcanoes Park
o Importance of volcanic tourism
Bly, Laura. “Tourists flow to simmering Mount St. Helens,” USA Today 10/15/2004
Earthquakes, steam plumes and magma flows aren’t the only renewed activity at Mount St. Helens, tourism at area gift shops, motels and visitor centers is booming even as officials block public access within a 5-mile radius of the smoldering crater. They caution visitors to bring a mask and goggles as protection against a sudden burst of ash.
Bly, Laura; Clark, Jayne; Yancey, Kitty Bean; Bailey, Sarah. “Montserrat tourism rises from the volcano’s ashes,” USA Today 7/08/2005
A decade after a series of volcanic eruptions smothered two-thirds of Montserrat in ash, the Caribbean island is set to reopen its airport. Locals hope the move will help jump-start the British territory’s long-dormant tourist industry.
Collins, Glenn, and Collins, Sarah. “Ah Oui, a Chic Island Is Doable Again,” New York Times, 10/29/2006, Vol. 156 Issue 53747, Section 5 pg.7
The article focuses on the tourism industry in the West Indian Island, Martinique. Tourists from Europe account for the 80 percent of the 500,000 yearly tourists to Martinique. Martinique has protected oases like Les Ombrages despite the threat caused by presence of Mount Pelee, the dormant volcano that according to experts could explode.
David, Joshua. “Whole lava love,” Fortune 7/23/2001, Vol. 144 Issue 2, pgs. 277-280
The article discusses volcano tourism, the first volcano experience of the author at Stromboli, Italy, an expedition of Kilauea, Hawaii, and a list of other volcanoes and tours.
Freeman, Melanie Stetson. “Java lava,” Christian Science Monitor, 8/28/98, Vol. 90 Issue 193, pg. 8
The article describes some of the volcanoes of Indonesia, including the famous Krakatau volcano off of West Java. It also mentions Gunung Bromo in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park in East Java and the tourism draw of volcanoes.
Misani. “Montserrat: an island reinventing itself,” New York Amsterdam News, 2/14/2006, Vol. 97 Issue 51, pg. 26
The article offers information on Montserrat, an island that is considered to be a leading vacation destination for tourists. The island, known for its landscape, is consistently reviving and re-inventing itself after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills Volcano in the summer of 1995. The island has dense forests that display an abundance of trees, plants and wildlife.
Sargent, Jo. “Another world,” Geographical, 1/2005, Vol. 77 Issue 1, pg.100-101
The article describes the Auvergne region of France. It gives information on the Auvergne Volcanoes Park and the impact of the volcanic legacy of the region on people, culture and products in the area
Watkins, Steve. “Volcano watch,” Geographical, 1/2003, Vol. 75 Issue 1, pg. 79
The article presents information on the travel tour to observe the activity of Mount Arenal, an active volcano in Costa Rica offered by Trips Worldwide. Services offered to travelers.
Swanson, David. “The Mystery of Pele’s Sacred Ground,” National Geographic Traveler 7/2007, Vol. 24 Issue 6, pg. 69
The article offers information on the attractions of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park. This park is one of the best places to safely view red-hot lava up close. Sightseeing is concentrated around Kilauea Caldera, where visitors find lava tubes, steam vents and sulphur banks. In a day visit visitors can also tackle one of the shorter hikes and drive down the Chain of Craters Road, a route that takes visitors to within miles of where lava may be flowing into the ocean. Helicopter tours are the easiest way to see incandescent lava.
Weingarten, Tara and Huish, Jamie. “Another Day in Paradise,” Newsweek, 5/29/2006, Vol. 147 Issue 22, pgs. 61-62
This article discusses tourism options in Hawaii. It also offers tips on planning an affordable family vacation to Hawaii. Suggestions include booking a package vacation that includes flights and hotel accommodations. The article suggests traveling to the island of Maui’s Haleakala National Park to visit a volcano and Hawaii’s big island to stargaze at the Imiloa Astronomy Center.