Scientists have uncovered approximately 300 microorganisms in the Antarctic, 70% of which are new species. These microorganisms are adapted to live in extremely cold, hot, salty or otherwise unsavory (for human) environments. All of these organisms were found in the Antarctic reaches of Chile, and (astoundingly) spend the majority of their lives encased in ice. One such organism can withstand gamma-radiation concentrations 5000 times higher than any other known organism. Scientists are looking for “potential applications” for these microorganisms, so watch out, soon we may have anti-radiation suits made of some bacteria!